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Requesting a Key Archival Certificate

The following example shows creating and submitting a certificate request and receiving the resulting key archival certificate. For this example to succeed, the certification authority (CA) that receives the certificate request must be configured for key archival.

The following steps describe how to create and submit a certificate request.

Aa387668.wedge(en-us,VS.85).gifTo create and submit a certificate request

  1. Retrieve the CA's exchange certificate using the ICertRequest2::GetCACertificate method.
  2. Specify that the retrieved CA exchange certificate is the key archive certificate using the ICEnroll4::PrivateKeyArchiveCertificate property.
  3. Create a CMC certificate request using the ICEnroll4::createRequest method.
  4. Submit the certificate request to a CA using the ICertRequest2::Submit method. The CA must be configured to support key archival.

The following steps describe how to retrieve the issued certificate for key archival purposes.

Aa387668.wedge(en-us,VS.85).gifTo retrieve the issued certificate for key archival purposes

  1. Retrieve the full response, including the issued certificate, using the ICertRequest2::GetFullResponseProperty method.
  2. Install the issued certificate using the ICEnroll4::acceptResponse method.

The following example shows creating and submitting a certificate request and receiving the resulting key archival certificate.


// Pointer to interface objects.
ICEnroll4 * pEnroll = NULL;
ICertRequest2 * pRequest = NULL;

// BSTR variables.
BSTR    bstrCACert = NULL;
BSTR    bstrDN = NULL;
BSTR    bstrCertAuth = NULL;
BSTR    bstrReq = NULL;
BSTR    bstrDispMsg = NULL;
BSTR    bstrErrorMsg = NULL;

VARIANT varFullResp;

LONG    lDisp =0;
LONG    lRequestID = 0;
LONG    lStatus = 0;

HRESULT    hr;

// Initialize COM.
hr = CoInitializeEx( NULL, COINIT_APARTMENTTHREADED );
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed CoInitializeEx - [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Create an instance of the Certificate Enrollment object.
hr = CoCreateInstance( CLSID_CEnroll,
                       NULL,
                       CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
                       IID_ICEnroll4,
                       (void **)&pEnroll);
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed CoCreateInstance - pEnroll [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Create an instance of the Certificate Request object.
hr = CoCreateInstance( CLSID_CCertRequest,
                       NULL,
                       CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
                       IID_ICertRequest2,
                       (void **)&pRequest);
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed CoCreateInstance - pRequest [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Allocate the BSTR that represents the certification authority.
// Note the use of '\\' to produce a single '\' in C++.
bstrCertAuth = SysAllocString(L"Server\\CertAuth");
if (NULL == bstrCertAuth)
{
    printf("Failed SysAllocString\n");
    goto error;
}

// Retrieve the CA's exchange certificate.
hr = pRequest->GetCACertificate(TRUE,
                                bstrCertAuth,
                                CR_OUT_BASE64HEADER,
                                &bstrCACert);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
    printf("Failed GetCACertificate [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Specify the retrieved certificate 
// as the key archive certificate.
hr = pEnroll->put_PrivateKeyArchiveCertificate(bstrCACert);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
    printf("put_PrivateKeyArchiveCertificate [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Create the data for the request.
// A user interface or database retrieval could
// be used instead of this example's hard-coded text.
bstrDN = SysAllocString(L"CN=UserName"    // common name
                        L",OU=UserUnit"   // org unit
                        L",O=UserOrg"     // org
                        L",L=UserCity"    // locality
                        L",S=WA"          // state
                        L",C=US");        // country/region
if (NULL == bstrDN)
{
    printf("Failed SysAllocString\n");
    goto error;
}

// Create the certificate request.
hr = pEnroll->createRequest( XECR_CMC,
                             bstrDN, 
                             NULL,
                             &bstrReq );
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed createRequest - [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Submit the certificate request.
hr = pRequest->Submit( CR_IN_CMC,
                       bstrReq,
                       NULL,
                       bstrCertAuth,
                       &lDisp );
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    
    printf("Failed Submit - [%x]\n", hr);  
    goto error;
}

// Evaluate the disposition of the submitted request.
switch (lDisp)
{
    case CR_DISP_ISSUED:
           printf("Certificate was issued.\n");
           break;

    case CR_DISP_ISSUED_OUT_OF_BAND:
    case CR_DISP_INCOMPLETE:
    case CR_DISP_ERROR:
    case CR_DISP_DENIED:
    case CR_DISP_UNDER_SUBMISSION:
    case CR_DISP_REVOKED:
            printf("Certificate was not issued: %d\n", lDisp);
            break;

    default:
            printf("Unexpected disposition: %d\n", lDisp);
            goto error;
}

// Retrieve the request ID.
hr = pRequest->GetRequestId(&lRequestID);
if ( FAILED(hr) )
{
    printf("Failed GetRequestId - [%x]\n", hr);  
    goto error;
}
printf("The request ID is %d\n", lRequestID);

if (CR_DISP_ISSUED != lDisp)
{
    // Provide information about why a certificate 
    // was not issued.
    
    // Retrieve the last status.
    hr = pRequest->GetLastStatus(&lStatus);
    if ( FAILED(hr) )
    {
        printf("Failed GetLastStatus - [%x]\n", hr);  
        goto error;
    }

    // Retrieve the disposition message.
    hr = pRequest->GetDispositionMessage(&bstrDispMsg);
    if ( FAILED(hr) )
    {
        printf("Failed GetDispositionMessage - [%x]\n", hr);  
        goto error;
    }

    // Retrieve the error message.
    hr = pRequest->GetErrorMessageText(lStatus,
                                       CR_GEMT_HRESULT_STRING,
                                       &bstrErrorMsg);
    if ( FAILED(hr) )
    {
        printf("Failed GetErrorMessageText - [%x]\n", hr);  
        goto error;
    }
    
    // Display the information and exit.
    printf("Request ID: %d\nDisposition: %S\nError: %S\n",
           lRequestID,
           bstrDispMsg,
           bstrErrorMsg);
    goto error;
}

// Retrieve the full response.
VariantInit(&varFullResp);
hr = pRequest->GetFullResponseProperty( FR_PROP_FULLRESPONSE,
                                        0,
                                        PROPTYPE_BINARY,
                                        CR_OUT_BASE64,
                                        &varFullResp );
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed GetFullResponseProperty - [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}

// Accept the response.
hr = pEnroll->acceptResponse(varFullResp.bstrVal);
if ( FAILED( hr ) )
{
    printf("Failed AcceptResponse - [%x]\n", hr);
    goto error;
}
else
{
    printf("Successfully completed processing\n");
}

error:

// Done processing.
// Clean up object resources.
if ( NULL != pEnroll )
    pEnroll->Release();
if ( NULL != pRequest )
    pRequest->Release();

// Free BSTR variables.
if ( NULL != bstrCACert )
    SysFreeString ( bstrCACert );
if ( NULL != bstrDN )
    SysFreeString ( bstrDN );
if ( NULL != bstrCertAuth )
    SysFreeString ( bstrCertAuth );
if ( NULL != bstrReq )
    SysFreeString ( bstrReq );
if ( NULL != bstrDispMsg )
    SysFreeString ( bstrDispMsg );
if ( NULL != bstrErrorMsg )
    SysFreeString ( bstrErrorMsg );

// Clear VARIANTS.
VariantClear(&varFullResp);

// Free COM resources.
CoUninitialize();

return hr;


 

 

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