Searching, Downloading, and Installing Specific Updates
The scripting sample in this topic shows you how to use the Windows Update Agent (WUA) to scan, download, and install a specific update. The update can be specified by its title.
The sample searches for a specific software update, downloads the update, and then installs the update. For example, a user can use this method to determine if a critical security update is installed on a computer. If the update is not installed, the user can ensure that the update is downloaded and installed. The user can also ensure that the user is notified about the status of the installation.
The sample update is identified by the update title in Title Property of IUpdateHistoryEntry. The title of the update that is used in this sample is "Update for Windows Rights Management client 1.0."
Note For information about how to search, download, and install all the updates that apply to a specific application, see Searching, Downloading, and Installing Updates.
Before you attempt to run this sample, note the following:
- WUA must be installed on the computer. For more information about how to determine the version of WUA that is installed, see Determining the Current Version of WUA.
- The sample does not provide its own user interface. WUA prompts the user to restart the computer if an update requires a restart.
- The sample can download updates only from WUA. It cannot download updates from a Software Update Services (SUS) 1.0 server.
Running this sample requires Windows Script Host (WSH). For more information about WSH, see the WSH section of the Platform Software Development Kit (SDK). If the sample is copied to a file named WUA_SpecificUpdate.vbs, you can run it by opening a Command Prompt window and by typing the following command at the command prompt.
Set updateSession = CreateObject("Microsoft.Update.Session") 'Get update title to search for WScript.Echo "Enter the title of the update: " & _ "(for example, Update for Windows Rights Management client 1.0)" updateTitle = WScript.StdIn.Readline WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Searching for: " & updateTitle & "..." Set updateSearcher = updateSession.CreateupdateSearcher() 'Search for all software updates, already installed and not installed Set searchResult = _ updateSearcher.Search("Type='Software'") Set updateToInstall = CreateObject("Microsoft.Update.UpdateColl") updateIsApplicable = False 'Cycle through search results to look for the update title For i = 0 To searchResult.Updates.Count-1 Set update = searchResult.Updates.Item(i) If UCase(update.Title) = UCase(updateTitle) Then 'Update in list of applicable updates 'Determine if it is already installed or not If update.IsInstalled = False Then WScript.Echo vbCRLF & _ "Result: Update applicable, not installed." updateIsApplicable = True updateToInstall.Add(update) Else 'Update is installed so notify user and quit WScript.Echo vbCRLF & _ "Result: Update applicable, already installed." updateIsApplicable = True WScript.Quit End If End If Next If updateIsApplicable = False Then WScript.Echo "Result: Update is not applicable to this machine." WScript.Quit End If WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Would you like to install now? (Y/N)" stdInput = WScript.StdIn.Readline If (strInput = "N" or strInput = "n") Then WScript.Quit ElseIf (stdInput = "Y" OR stdInput = "y") Then 'Download update Set downloader = updateSession.CreateUpdateDownloader() downloader.Updates = updateToInstall WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Downloading..." Set downloadResult = downloader.Download() WScript.Echo "Download Result: " & downloadResult.ResultCode 'Install Update Set installer = updateSession.CreateUpdateInstaller() WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Installing..." installer.Updates = updateToInstall Set installationResult = installer.Install() 'Output the result of the installation WScript.Echo "Installation Result: " & _ installationResult.ResultCode WScript.Echo "Reboot Required: " & _ installationResult.RebootRequired End If
Build date: 11/22/2012