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_VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES enumeration

Allows additional attributes to be specified for a shadow copy. The context of a shadow copy (as set by the IVssBackupComponents::SetContext method) may be modified by a bitmask that contains a valid combination of _VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES and _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT enumeration values.

Syntax


typedef enum _VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES { 
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PERSISTENT            = 0x00000001,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_AUTORECOVERY       = 0x00000002,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE     = 0x00000004,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_AUTO_RELEASE       = 0x00000008,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_WRITERS            = 0x00000010,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_TRANSPORTABLE         = 0x00000020,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NOT_SURFACED          = 0x00000040,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NOT_TRANSACTED        = 0x00000080,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_HARDWARE_ASSISTED     = 0x00010000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DIFFERENTIAL          = 0x00020000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PLEX                  = 0x00040000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_IMPORTED              = 0x00080000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_LOCALLY       = 0x00100000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_REMOTELY      = 0x00200000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_AUTORECOVER           = 0x00400000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_ROLLBACK_RECOVERY     = 0x00800000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DELAYED_POSTSNAPSHOT  = 0x01000000,
  VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_TXF_RECOVERY          = 0x02000000
} VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES, *PVSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES;

Constants

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PERSISTENT

The shadow copy is persistent across reboots.

This attribute is automatically set for _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT contexts of VSS_CTX_APP_ROLLBACK, VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE, VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE_WRITERS, and VSS_CTX_NAS_ROLLBACK.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_AUTORECOVERY

Auto-recovery is disabled for the shadow copy.

A requester can modify a shadow copy context with a bitwise OR of this attribute. By doing this, the requester instructs VSS to make the shadow copy read-only immediately after it is created, without allowing writers or other applications to update components in the shadow copy.

Disabling auto-recovery can cause the shadow copy to be in an inconsistent state if any of its components are involved in transactional database operations, such as transactional read and write operations managed by Transactional NTFS (TxF). This is because disabling auto-recovery prevents incomplete transactions from being rolled back.

Disabling auto-recovery also prevents writers from excluding files from the shadow copy. When auto-recovery is disabled, a writer can still call the IVssCreateWriterMetadataEx::AddExcludeFilesFromSnapshot method, but the writer's CVssWriter::OnPostSnapshot method cannot delete the files from the shadow copy.

Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP:  This value is not supported until Windows Vista.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE

The specified shadow copy is a client-accessible shadow copy that supports Shadow Copies for Shared Folders and should not be exposed.

This attribute is automatically set for VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE and VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE_WRITERS.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_AUTO_RELEASE

The shadow copy is not automatically deleted when the shadow copy requester process ends. The shadow copy can be deleted only by a call to IVssBackupComponents::DeleteSnapshots.

This attribute is automatically set for _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT contexts of VSS_CTX_APP_ROLLBACK, VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE, VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE_WRITERS, and VSS_CTX_NAS_ROLLBACK.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NO_WRITERS

No writers are involved in creating the shadow copy.

This attribute is automatically set for _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT contexts of VSS_CTX_NAS_ROLLBACK, VSS_CTX_FILE_SHARE_BACKUP, and VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_TRANSPORTABLE

The shadow copy is to be transported and therefore should not be surfaced locally.

This attribute can be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy, if the provider for shadow copy supports transportable shadow copies.

Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, and Windows XP:  This attribute is not supported. All editions of Windows Server 2003 with SP1 support this attribute.

See Importing Transportable Shadow Copied Volumes for more information.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NOT_SURFACED

The shadow copy is not currently exposed.

Unless the shadow copy is explicitly exposed or mounted, this attribute is set for all shadow copies.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_NOT_TRANSACTED

The shadow copy is not transacted.

A requester can modify a shadow copy context with a bitwise OR of this attribute. By doing this, the requester instructs VSS to disable built-in integration between VSS and transaction and resource managers.

Setting this attribute guarantees that the requester will not receive VSS_E_TRANSACTION_FREEZE_TIMEOUT errors. However, it may cause unwanted consequences, such as the loss of transactional integrity or even data loss.

Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP:  This value is not supported until Windows Vista.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_HARDWARE_ASSISTED

Indicates that a given provider is a hardware provider.

This attribute is automatically set for hardware providers.

This enumeration value cannot be used to manually set the context (using the IVssBackupComponents::SetContext method) of a shadow copy by a bit mask (or bitwise OR) of this enumeration value and a valid shadow copy context value from _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DIFFERENTIAL

Indicates that a given provider uses differential data or a copy-on-write mechanism to implement shadow copies.

A requester can modify a shadow copy context with a bitwise OR of this attribute. By doing this, the requester instructs providers to create a shadow copy using a differential implementation. If no shadow copy provider installed on the system supports the requested attributes, a VSS_E_VOLUME_NOT_SUPPORTED error will be returned to IVssBackupComponents::AddToSnapshotSet.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PLEX

Indicates that a given provider uses a PLEX or mirrored split mechanism to implement shadow copies.

A requester can modify a shadow copy context with a bitwise OR of this attribute. By doing this, the requester instructs the providers to create a shadow copy using a PLEX implementation. If no shadow copy provider installed on the system supports the requested attributes, a VSS_E_VOLUME_NOT_SUPPORTED error will be returned to IVssBackupComponents::AddToSnapshotSet.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_IMPORTED

The shadow copy of the volume was imported onto this machine using the IVssBackupComponents::ImportSnapshots method rather than created using the IVssBackupComponents::DoSnapshotSet method.

This attribute is automatically set if a shadow copy is imported.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_LOCALLY

The shadow copy is locally exposed. If this bit flag and the VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_REMOTELY bit flag are not set, the shadow copy is hidden.

The attribute is automatically added to a shadow copy context upon calling the IVssBackupComponents::ExposeSnapshot method to expose a shadow copy locally.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_REMOTELY

The shadow copy is remotely exposed. If this bit flag and the VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_EXPOSED_LOCALLY bit flag are not set, the shadow copy is hidden.

The attribute is automatically added to a shadow copy context upon calling the IVssBackupComponents::ExposeSnapshot method to expose a shadow copy locally.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_AUTORECOVER

Indicates that the writer will need to auto-recover the component in CVssWriter::OnPostSnapshot.

This attribute should not be used explicitly by requesters when setting the context of a shadow copy.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_ROLLBACK_RECOVERY

Indicates that the writer will need to auto-recover the component in CVssWriter::OnPostSnapshot if the shadow copy is being used for rollback (for data mining, for example).

A requester would set this flag in the shadow copy context to indicate that the shadow copy is being created for a non-backup purpose such as data mining.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DELAYED_POSTSNAPSHOT

Reserved for system use.

Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP:  This value is not supported until Windows Server 2008.

VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_TXF_RECOVERY

Indicates that TxF recovery should be enforced during shadow copy creation.

Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP:  This value is not supported until Windows Server 2008.

Remarks

The default context for VSS shadow copies is VSS_CTX_BACKUP.

A requester sets the context for a shadow copy about to be created by passing the member of the _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT enumeration to the IVssBackupComponents::SetContext method.

Requesters can modify this context by using a bitwise OR of the _VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT value with a supported value from the _VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES enumeration as an argument to IVssBackupComponents::SetContext.

Unless specifically requested to support a given mechanism, providers are free to use any type of mechanism to implement a shadow copy. Therefore, in the case where a shadow copy method is not specified, the provider is free to choose a differential mechanism (VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DIFFERENTIAL), a PLEX mechanism (VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PLEX), or any other mechanism to support the shadow copy.

While a provider can support both mechanisms, they are mutually exclusive for a given shadow copy. Requesters should not use both VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DIFFERENTIAL and VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PLEX to modify a specific shadow copy context.

Currently, VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_DIFFERENTIAL, VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_PLEX, and VSS_VOLSNAP_ATTR_TRANSPORTABLE are the only values of the _VSS_VOLUME_SNAPSHOT_ATTRIBUTES enumeration that can be used to modify any context.

In addition, it cannot be used to modify a VSS_CTX_CLIENT_ACCESSIBLE context.

A requester can obtain information about a specific shadow copy (identified by VSS_ID) by unpacking the VSS_SNAPSHOT_PROP structure from the VSS_OBJECT_PROP structure returned by a call to IVssBackupComponents::GetSnapshotProperties.

A requester can also obtain a VSS_SNAPSHOT_PROP structure for each of multiple shadow copies by calling IVssBackupComponents::Query and using IVssEnumObject to iterate the returns.

The shadow copies' context and attributes are found as a bit mask contained in the m_lSnapshotAttributes member of the VSS_SNAPSHOT_PROP structure.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

Vss.h

See also

VSS_OBJECT_PROP
_VSS_SNAPSHOT_CONTEXT
VSS_SNAPSHOT_PROP
IVssBackupComponents::DoSnapshotSet
IVssBackupComponents::DeleteSnapshots
IVssBackupComponents::GetSnapshotProperties
IVssBackupComponents::ExposeSnapshot
IVssBackupComponents::ImportSnapshots
IVssBackupComponents::SetContext

 

 

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