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WinHttpOpenRequest function

The WinHttpOpenRequest function creates an HTTP request handle.

Syntax


HINTERNET WINAPI WinHttpOpenRequest(
  _In_  HINTERNET hConnect,
  _In_  LPCWSTR pwszVerb,
  _In_  LPCWSTR pwszObjectName,
  _In_  LPCWSTR pwszVersion,
  _In_  LPCWSTR pwszReferrer,
  _In_  LPCWSTR *ppwszAcceptTypes,
  _In_  DWORD dwFlags
);

Parameters

hConnect [in]

HINTERNET connection handle to an HTTP session returned by WinHttpConnect.

pwszVerb [in]

Pointer to a string that contains the HTTP verb to use in the request. If this parameter is NULL, the function uses GET as the HTTP verb.

Note  This string should be all uppercase. Many servers treat HTTP verbs as case-sensitive, and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Requests for Comments (RFCs) spell these verbs using uppercase characters only.

pwszObjectName [in]

Pointer to a string that contains the name of the target resource of the specified HTTP verb. This is generally a file name, an executable module, or a search specifier.

pwszVersion [in]

Pointer to a string that contains the HTTP version. If this parameter is NULL, the function uses HTTP/1.1.

pwszReferrer [in]

Pointer to a string that specifies the URL of the document from which the URL in the request pwszObjectName was obtained. If this parameter is set to WINHTTP_NO_REFERER, no referring document is specified.

ppwszAcceptTypes [in]

Pointer to a null-terminated array of string pointers that specifies media types accepted by the client. If this parameter is set to WINHTTP_DEFAULT_ACCEPT_TYPES, no types are accepted by the client. Typically, servers handle a lack of accepted types as indication that the client accepts only documents of type "text/*"; that is, only text documents—no pictures or other binary files. For a list of valid media types, see Media Types defined by IANA at http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/.

dwFlags [in]

Unsigned long integer value that contains the Internet flag values. This can be one or more of the following values:

ValueMeaning
WINHTTP_FLAG_BYPASS_PROXY_CACHE

This flag provides the same behavior as WINHTTP_FLAG_REFRESH.

WINHTTP_FLAG_ESCAPE_DISABLE

Unsafe characters in the URL passed in for pwszObjectName are not converted to escape sequences.

WINHTTP_FLAG_ESCAPE_DISABLE_QUERY

Unsafe characters in the query component of the URL passed in for pwszObjectName are not converted to escape sequences.

WINHTTP_FLAG_ESCAPE_PERCENT

The string passed in for pwszObjectName is converted from an LPCWSTR to an LPSTR. All unsafe characters are converted to an escape sequence including the percent symbol. By default, all unsafe characters except the percent symbol are converted to an escape sequence.

WINHTTP_FLAG_NULL_CODEPAGE

The string passed in for pwszObjectName is assumed to consist of valid ANSI characters represented by WCHAR. No check are done for unsafe characters.

Windows 7:  This option is obsolete.

WINHTTP_FLAG_REFRESH

Indicates that the request should be forwarded to the originating server rather than sending a cached version of a resource from a proxy server. When this flag is used, a "Pragma: no-cache" header is added to the request handle. When creating an HTTP/1.1 request header, a "Cache-Control: no-cache" is also added.

WINHTTP_FLAG_SECURE

Uses secure transaction semantics. This translates to using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)/Transport Layer Security (TLS).

 

Return value

Returns a valid HTTP request handle if successful, or NULL if not. For extended error information, call GetLastError. Among the error codes returned are the following.

Error CodeDescription
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_TYPE

The type of handle supplied is incorrect for this operation.

ERROR_WINHTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR

An internal error has occurred.

ERROR_WINHTTP_INVALID_URL

The URL is invalid.

ERROR_WINHTTP_OPERATION_CANCELLED

The operation was canceled, usually because the handle on which the request was operating was closed before the operation completed.

ERROR_WINHTTP_UNRECOGNIZED_SCHEME

The URL specified a scheme other than "http:" or "https:".

ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY

Not enough memory was available to complete the requested operation. (Windows error code)

 

Remarks

Even when WinHTTP is used in asynchronous mode (that is, when WINHTTP_FLAG_ASYNC has been set in WinHttpOpen), this function operates synchronously. The return value indicates success or failure. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

The WinHttpOpenRequest function creates a new HTTP request handle and stores the specified parameters in that handle. An HTTP request handle holds a request to send to an HTTP server and contains all RFC822/MIME/HTTP headers to be sent as part of the request.

If pwszVerb is set to "HEAD", the Content-Length header is ignored.

If a status callback function has been installed with WinHttpSetStatusCallback, then a WINHTTP_CALLBACK_STATUS_HANDLE_CREATED notification indicates that WinHttpOpenRequest has created a request handle.

After the calling application finishes using the HINTERNET handle returned by WinHttpOpenRequest, it must be closed using the WinHttpCloseHandle function.

Note  For Windows XP and Windows 2000, see the Run-Time Requirements section of the WinHttp start page.

Examples

This example shows how to obtain an HINTERNET handle, open an HTTP session, create a request header, and send that header to the server.



    BOOL  bResults = FALSE;
    HINTERNET hSession = NULL,
              hConnect = NULL,
              hRequest = NULL;

    // Use WinHttpOpen to obtain a session handle.
    hSession = WinHttpOpen(  L"A WinHTTP Example Program/1.0", 
                             WINHTTP_ACCESS_TYPE_DEFAULT_PROXY,
                             WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_NAME, 
                             WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_BYPASS, 0);

    // Specify an HTTP server.
    if (hSession)
        hConnect = WinHttpConnect( hSession, L"www.wingtiptoys.com",
                                   INTERNET_DEFAULT_HTTP_PORT, 0);

    // Create an HTTP Request handle.
    if (hConnect)
        hRequest = WinHttpOpenRequest( hConnect, L"PUT", 
                                       L"/writetst.txt", 
                                       NULL, WINHTTP_NO_REFERER, 
                                       WINHTTP_DEFAULT_ACCEPT_TYPES,
                                       0);

    // Send a Request.
    if (hRequest) 
        bResults = WinHttpSendRequest( hRequest, 
                                       WINHTTP_NO_ADDITIONAL_HEADERS,
                                       0, WINHTTP_NO_REQUEST_DATA, 0, 
                                       0, 0);

    // PLACE ADDITIONAL CODE HERE.

    // Report any errors.
    if (!bResults)
        printf( "Error %d has occurred.\n", GetLastError());

    // Close any open handles.
    if (hRequest) WinHttpCloseHandle(hRequest);
    if (hConnect) WinHttpCloseHandle(hConnect);
    if (hSession) WinHttpCloseHandle(hSession);


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP, Windows 2000 Professional with SP3 [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server with SP3 [desktop apps only]

Redistributable

WinHTTP 5.0 and Internet Explorer 5.01 or later on Windows XP and Windows 2000.

Header

Winhttp.h

Library

Winhttp.lib

DLL

Winhttp.dll

See also

About Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP)
WinHttpOpen
WinHttpConnect
WinHTTP Versions

 

 

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