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Common Control Parameters

The following describes the general syntax for a control resource-definition statement. The meaning of each parameter is given below. Occasionally, a statement will use a parameter differently, or may ignore a parameter. The statement-specific variation is described in the documentation for the statement.


control [[text,]] id, x, y, width, height[[, style[[, extended-style]]]][, helpId]
[{ data-element-1 [, data-element-2 [,  . . . ]]}]

text

Text that is to be displayed with the control. The text is positioned within the control or adjacent to the control.

This parameter must contain zero or more characters enclosed in double quotation marks ("). Strings are automatically null-terminated and converted to Unicode in the resulting resource file.

By default, the characters listed between the double quotation marks are ANSI characters, and escape sequences are interpreted as byte escape sequences. If the string is preceded by the "L" prefix, the string is a wide-character string and escape sequences are interpreted as 2-byte escape sequences that specify Unicode characters. If a double quotation mark is required in the text, you must include the double quotation mark twice.

An ampersand (&) character in the text indicates that the following character is used as a mnemonic character for the control. When the control is displayed, the ampersand is not shown, but the mnemonic character is underlined. The user can choose the control by pressing the key corresponding to the underlined mnemonic character. To use the ampersand as a character in a string, insert two ampersands (&&).

id

Control identifier. This value must be a 16-bit unsigned integer in the range 0 through 65,535 or a simple arithmetic expression that evaluates to a value in that range.

x

X-coordinate of the left side of the control relative to the left side of the dialog box. This value must be a 16-bit unsigned integer in the range 0 through 65,535. The coordinate is in dialog units and is relative to the origin of the dialog box, window, or control containing the specified control.

y

Y-coordinate of the top side of the control relative to the top of the dialog box. This value must be a 16-bit unsigned integer in the range 0 through 65,535. The coordinate is in dialog units relative to the origin of the dialog box, window, or control containing the specified control.

width

Width of the control. This value must be a 16-bit unsigned integer in the range 1 through 65,535. The width is in 1/4-character units.

height

Height of the control. This value must be a 16-bit unsigned integer in the range 1 through 65,535. The height is in 1/8-character units.

style

Control styles. Use the bitwise OR (|) operator to combine styles. For more information, see Window Styles.

extended-style

Extended window styles. You must specify style to specify extended-style. For more information, see EXSTYLE.

helpId

Numeric expression indicating the ID used to identify the control during WM_HELP processing.

controlData

Control-specific data for the control. When a dialog is created, and a control in that dialog which has control-specific data is created, a pointer to that data is passed into the control's window procedure through the lParam of the WM_CREATE message for that control.

Remarks

Horizontal dialog units are 1/4 of the dialog base width unit. Vertical units are 1/8 of the dialog base height unit. The current dialog base units are computed from the height and width of the current system font. The GetDialogBaseUnits function returns the dialog base units in pixels. The coordinates are relative to the origin of the dialog box.

 

 

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