User Mode Initialization
Distributed (client/server) applications use security packages to obtain authenticated connections and to exchange messages. The application calls security support provider interface (SSPI) functions which are mapped to functions implemented by SSP/APs, and functions implemented by User-mode SSP/APs. This mapping is performed by the security provider DLL (Secur32.dll or Security.dll), which can be loaded into the client and server processes dynamically. The DLL can also be statically linked using Secur32.lib. Both the DLL and LIB ship with the Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK).
Loading the security package into the client or server's process is handled by the system, if the SSP/AP DLL that contains the security package is properly registered.
The server begins the process of obtaining a secure connection with a client by monitoring a port, waiting for a client to send a message. The client begins the process of obtaining a secure connection to the server by calling the SSPI function InitializeSecurityContext (General). This function is mapped to the custom security package's SpInitLsaModeContext function. SpInitLsaModeContext returns a token to the client, who forwards it to the server.
Upon receiving the token from the client, the server calls the SSPI function AcceptSecurityContext (General), which is dispatched to the security package's SpAcceptLsaModeContext function. If the SpAcceptLsaModeContext function succeeds and no more processing is required to establish the security context, the function should return STATUS_SUCCESS to the caller. If additional processing is required, the function should return SEC_I_CONTINUE_NEEDED, and return a token to the server. The server forwards the token to the client, who calls InitializeSecurityContext (General) again.
This calling cycle may be repeated as often as necessary until an authenticated connection is established or fails. During this process, if the SpAcceptLsaModeContext or SpInitLsaModeContext function succeeds and no more processing is required to establish the security context, the function should return STATUS_SUCCESS to the caller. If additional processing is required, the function should return SEC_I_CONTINUE_NEEDED, and return a token to the caller, who is responsible for forwarding it.
The protocol implemented by the security package determines the number of times this cycle is repeated. For example, in security packages that supports three-leg mutual authentication, the calling sequence is as follows:
- Client obtains a token by calling InitializeSecurityContext (General), and sends it to the server. The server calls AcceptSecurityContext (General) the first time, and gets back a reply token which it sends to the client.
- The client uses the token received from the server in a second call to InitializeSecurityContext (General), and gets back a final token. The client sends this token to the server.
- The server receives the token generated in leg 2 which it uses in the final call to AcceptSecurityContext (General).
When the SpAcceptLsaModeContext and SpInitLsaModeContext functions succeed and no more processing is required to establish the security context, the functions should return STATUS_SUCCESS to the caller. Additionally, if the custom security package supports the functions implemented by user-mode SSP/APs, SpAcceptLsaModeContext and SpInitLsaModeContext must return TRUE by way of the MappedContext parameter. The MappedContext value is not passed back to the application; it is intercepted by the LSA.
When MappedContext is true, the LSA calls the SSP/AP DLL's SpUsermodeInitialize function. This function provides tables of pointers to the user-mode functions implemented by each security package. Each package's SpInstanceInit function is called, using the function tables returned by SpUsermodeInitialize. SpInstanceInit receives a table of pointers to LSA functions called by user-mode SSP/APs.
Build date: 11/16/2013