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NetUserEnum function

The NetUserEnum function retrieves information about all user accounts on a server.

Syntax


NET_API_STATUS NetUserEnum(
  _In_     LPCWSTR servername,
  _In_     DWORD level,
  _In_     DWORD filter,
  _Out_    LPBYTE *bufptr,
  _In_     DWORD prefmaxlen,
  _Out_    LPDWORD entriesread,
  _Out_    LPDWORD totalentries,
  _Inout_  LPDWORD resume_handle
);

Parameters

servername [in]

A pointer to a constant string that specifies the DNS or NetBIOS name of the remote server on which the function is to execute. If this parameter is NULL, the local computer is used.

level [in]

Specifies the information level of the data. This parameter can be one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
0

Return user account names. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_0 structures.

1

Return detailed information about user accounts. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_1 structures.

2

Return detailed information about user accounts, including authorization levels and logon information. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_2 structures.

3

Return detailed information about user accounts, including authorization levels, logon information, RIDs for the user and the primary group, and profile information. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_3 structures.

10

Return user and account names and comments. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_10 structures.

11

Return detailed information about user accounts. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_11 structures.

20

Return the user's name and identifier and various account attributes. The bufptr parameter points to an array of USER_INFO_20 structures. Note that on Windows XP and later, it is recommended that you use USER_INFO_23 instead.

 

filter [in]

A value that specifies the user account types to be included in the enumeration. A value of zero indicates that all normal user, trust data, and machine account data should be included.

This parameter can also be a combination of the following values.

ValueMeaning
FILTER_TEMP_DUPLICATE_ACCOUNT

Enumerates account data for users whose primary account is in another domain. This account type provides user access to this domain, but not to any domain that trusts this domain. The User Manager refers to this account type as a local user account.

FILTER_NORMAL_ACCOUNT

Enumerates normal user account data. This account type is associated with a typical user.

FILTER_INTERDOMAIN_TRUST_ACCOUNT

Enumerates interdomain trust account data. This account type is associated with a trust account for a domain that trusts other domains.

FILTER_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT

Enumerates workstation or member server trust account data. This account type is associated with a machine account for a computer that is a member of the domain.

FILTER_SERVER_TRUST_ACCOUNT

Enumerates member server machine account data. This account type is associated with a computer account for a backup domain controller that is a member of the domain.

 

bufptr [out]

A pointer to the buffer that receives the data. The format of this data depends on the value of the level parameter.

The buffer for this data is allocated by the system and the application must call the NetApiBufferFree function to free the allocated memory when the data returned is no longer needed. Note that you must free the buffer even if the NetUserEnum function fails with ERROR_MORE_DATA.

prefmaxlen [in]

The preferred maximum length, in bytes, of the returned data. If you specify MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH, the NetUserEnum function allocates the amount of memory required for the data. If you specify another value in this parameter, it can restrict the number of bytes that the function returns. If the buffer size is insufficient to hold all entries, the function returns ERROR_MORE_DATA. For more information, see Network Management Function Buffers and Network Management Function Buffer Lengths.

entriesread [out]

A pointer to a value that receives the count of elements actually enumerated.

totalentries [out]

A pointer to a value that receives the total number of entries that could have been enumerated from the current resume position. Note that applications should consider this value only as a hint. If your application is communicating with a Windows 2000 or later domain controller, you should consider using the ADSI LDAP Provider to retrieve this type of data more efficiently. The ADSI LDAP Provider implements a set of ADSI objects that support various ADSI interfaces. For more information, see ADSI Service Providers.

LAN Manager:  If the call is to a computer that is running LAN Manager 2.x, the totalentries parameter will always reflect the total number of entries in the database no matter where it is in the resume sequence.

resume_handle [in, out]

A pointer to a value that contains a resume handle which is used to continue an existing user search. The handle should be zero on the first call and left unchanged for subsequent calls. If this parameter is NULL, then no resume handle is stored.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is NERR_Success.

If the function fails, the return value can be one of the following error codes.

Return codeDescription
ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

The user does not have access to the requested information.

ERROR_INVALID_LEVEL

The system call level is not correct. This error is returned if the level parameter is set to a value not supported.

NERR_BufTooSmall

The buffer is too small to contain an entry. No information has been written to the buffer.

NERR_InvalidComputer

The computer name is invalid.

ERROR_MORE_DATA

More entries are available. Specify a large enough buffer to receive all entries.

 

Remarks

The NetUserEnum function retrieves information about all user accounts on a specified remote server or the local computer.

The NetQueryDisplayInformation function can be used to quickly enumerate user, computer, or global group account information for display in user interfaces .

If you are programming for Active Directory, you may be able to call certain Active Directory Service Interface (ADSI) methods to achieve the same functionality you can achieve by calling the network management user functions. For more information, see IADsUser and IADsComputer.

If you call the NetUserEnum function on a domain controller that is running Active Directory, access is allowed or denied based on the access control list (ACL) for the securable object. The default ACL permits all authenticated users and members of the "Pre-Windows 2000 compatible access" group to view the information. If you call this function on a member server or workstation, all authenticated users can view the information. For information about anonymous access and restricting anonymous access on these platforms, see Security Requirements for the Network Management Functions. For more information on ACLs, ACEs, and access tokens, see Access Control Model.

The NetUserEnum function only returns information to which the caller has Read access. The caller must have List Contents access to the Domain object, and Enumerate Entire SAM Domain access on the SAM Server object located in the System container.

The LsaEnumerateTrustedDomains or LsaEnumerateTrustedDomainsEx function can be used to retrieve the names and SIDs of domains trusted by a Local Security Authority (LSA) policy object.

The NetUserEnum function does not return all system users. It returns only those users who have been added with a call to the NetUserAdd function. There is no guarantee that the list of users will be returned in sorted order.

If you call the NetUserEnum function and specify information level 1, 2, or 3, for the level parameter, the password member of each structure retrieved is set to NULL to maintain password security.

User account names are limited to 20 characters and group names are limited to 256 characters. In addition, account names cannot be terminated by a period and they cannot include commas or any of the following printable characters: ", /, \, [, ], :, |, <, >, +, =, ;, ?, *. Names also cannot include characters in the range 1-31, which are nonprintable.

The NetUserEnum function does not support a level parameter of 4 and the USER_INFO_4 structure. The NetUserGetInfo function supports a level parameter of 4 and the USER_INFO_4 structure.

Examples

The following code sample demonstrates how to retrieve information about the user accounts on a server with a call to the NetUserEnum function. The sample calls NetUserEnum, specifying information level 0 (USER_INFO_0) to enumerate only global user accounts. If the call succeeds, the code loops through the entries and prints the name of each user account. Finally, the code sample frees the memory allocated for the information buffer and prints a total of the users enumerated.


#ifndef UNICODE
#define UNICODE
#endif
#pragma comment(lib, "netapi32.lib")

#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <windows.h> 
#include <lm.h>

int wmain(int argc, wchar_t *argv[])
{
   LPUSER_INFO_0 pBuf = NULL;
   LPUSER_INFO_0 pTmpBuf;
   DWORD dwLevel = 0;
   DWORD dwPrefMaxLen = MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH;
   DWORD dwEntriesRead = 0;
   DWORD dwTotalEntries = 0;
   DWORD dwResumeHandle = 0;
   DWORD i;
   DWORD dwTotalCount = 0;
   NET_API_STATUS nStatus;
   LPTSTR pszServerName = NULL;

   if (argc > 2)
   {
      fwprintf(stderr, L"Usage: %s [\\\\ServerName]\n", argv[0]);
      exit(1);
   }
   // The server is not the default local computer.
   //
   if (argc == 2)
      pszServerName =  (LPTSTR) argv[1];
   wprintf(L"\nUser account on %s: \n", pszServerName);
   //
   // Call the NetUserEnum function, specifying level 0; 
   //   enumerate global user account types only.
   //
   do // begin do
   {
      nStatus = NetUserEnum((LPCWSTR) pszServerName,
                            dwLevel,
                            FILTER_NORMAL_ACCOUNT, // global users
                            (LPBYTE*)&pBuf,
                            dwPrefMaxLen,
                            &dwEntriesRead,
                            &dwTotalEntries,
                            &dwResumeHandle);
      //
      // If the call succeeds,
      //
      if ((nStatus == NERR_Success) || (nStatus == ERROR_MORE_DATA))
      {
         if ((pTmpBuf = pBuf) != NULL)
         {
            //
            // Loop through the entries.
            //
            for (i = 0; (i < dwEntriesRead); i++)
            {
               assert(pTmpBuf != NULL);

               if (pTmpBuf == NULL)
               {
                  fprintf(stderr, "An access violation has occurred\n");
                  break;
               }
               //
               //  Print the name of the user account.
               //
               wprintf(L"\t-- %s\n", pTmpBuf->usri0_name);

               pTmpBuf++;
               dwTotalCount++;
            }
         }
      }
      //
      // Otherwise, print the system error.
      //
      else
         fprintf(stderr, "A system error has occurred: %d\n", nStatus);
      //
      // Free the allocated buffer.
      //
      if (pBuf != NULL)
      {
         NetApiBufferFree(pBuf);
         pBuf = NULL;
      }
   }
   // Continue to call NetUserEnum while 
   //  there are more entries. 
   // 
   while (nStatus == ERROR_MORE_DATA); // end do
   //
   // Check again for allocated memory.
   //
   if (pBuf != NULL)
      NetApiBufferFree(pBuf);
   //
   // Print the final count of users enumerated.
   //
   fprintf(stderr, "\nTotal of %d entries enumerated\n", dwTotalCount);

   return 0;
}


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Lmaccess.h (include Lm.h)

Library

Netapi32.lib

DLL

Netapi32.dll

See also

Network Management Overview
Network Management Functions
User Functions
LsaEnumerateTrustedDomains
LsaEnumerateTrustedDomainsEx
NetQueryDisplayInformation
NetUserGetGroups
NetUserGetInfo
NetUserAdd
USER_INFO_0
USER_INFO_1
USER_INFO_2
USER_INFO_3
USER_INFO_10
USER_INFO_11
USER_INFO_20
USER_INFO_23

 

 

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