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RemoveDirectory function

Deletes an existing empty directory.

To perform this operation as a transacted operation, use the RemoveDirectoryTransacted function.

Syntax


BOOL WINAPI RemoveDirectory(
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpPathName
);

Parameters

lpPathName [in]

The path of the directory to be removed. This path must specify an empty directory, and the calling process must have delete access to the directory.

In the ANSI version of this function, the name is limited to MAX_PATH characters. To extend this limit to 32,767 wide characters, call the Unicode version of the function and prepend "\\?\" to the path. For more information, see Naming a File.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

The RemoveDirectory function marks a directory for deletion on close. Therefore, the directory is not removed until the last handle to the directory is closed.

To recursively delete the files in a directory, use the SHFileOperation function.

RemoveDirectory removes a directory junction, even if the contents of the target are not empty; the function removes directory junctions regardless of the state of the target object. For more information on junctions, see Hard Links and Junctions.

Windows Phone 8: This API is supported.

Windows Phone 8.1: This API is supported.

In Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, this function is supported by the following technologies.

TechnologySupported

Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 protocol

Yes

SMB 3.0 Transparent Failover (TFO)

Yes

SMB 3.0 with Scale-out File Shares (SO)

Yes

Cluster Shared Volume File System (CsvFS)

Yes

Resilient File System (ReFS)

Yes

 

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]

Header

FileAPI.h (include Windows.h);
WinBase.h on Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP (include Windows.h)

Library

Kernel32.lib

DLL

Kernel32.dll

Unicode and ANSI names

RemoveDirectoryW (Unicode) and RemoveDirectoryA (ANSI)

See also

CreateDirectory
Creating and Deleting Directories
Directory Management Functions
RemoveDirectoryTransacted

 

 

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