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FSCTL_UNLOCK_VOLUME control code

Unlocks a volume.

To perform this operation, call the DeviceIoControl function with the following parameters.



BOOL DeviceIoControl(
  (HANDLE) hDevice,            // handle to a volume
  FSCTL_UNLOCK_VOLUME,         // dwIoControlCode
  NULL,                        // lpInBuffer
  0,                           // nInBufferSize
  NULL,                        // lpOutBuffer
  0,                           // nOutBufferSize
  (LPDWORD) lpBytesReturned,   // number of bytes returned
  (LPOVERLAPPED) lpOverlapped  // OVERLAPPED structure
);

Parameters

hDevice

A handle to the volume to be unlocked. To retrieve a handle, call the CreateFile function.

dwIoControlCode

The control code for the operation. Use FSCTL_UNLOCK_VOLUME for this operation.

lpInBuffer

Not used with this operation; set to NULL.

nInBufferSize

Not used with this operation; set to zero.

lpOutBuffer

Not used with this operation; set to NULL.

nOutBufferSize

Not used with this operation; set to zero.

lpBytesReturned

A pointer to a variable that receives the size of the data stored in the output buffer, in bytes.

If lpOverlapped is NULL, lpBytesReturned cannot be NULL. Even when an operation returns no output data and lpOutBuffer is NULL, DeviceIoControl makes use of lpBytesReturned. After such an operation, the value of lpBytesReturned is meaningless.

If lpOverlapped is not NULL, lpBytesReturned can be NULL. If this parameter is not NULL and the operation returns data, lpBytesReturned is meaningless until the overlapped operation has completed. To retrieve the number of bytes returned, call GetOverlappedResult. If hDevice is associated with an I/O completion port, you can retrieve the number of bytes returned by calling GetQueuedCompletionStatus.

lpOverlapped

A pointer to an OVERLAPPED structure.

If hDevice was opened without specifying FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED, lpOverlapped is ignored.

If hDevice was opened with the FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED flag, the operation is performed as an overlapped (asynchronous) operation. In this case, lpOverlapped must point to a valid OVERLAPPED structure that contains a handle to an event object. Otherwise, the function fails in unpredictable ways.

For overlapped operations, DeviceIoControl returns immediately, and the event object is signaled when the operation has been completed. Otherwise, the function does not return until the operation has been completed or an error occurs.

Return value

If the operation completes successfully, DeviceIoControl returns a nonzero value.

If the operation fails or is pending, DeviceIoControl returns zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

To lock a volume, use the FSCTL_LOCK_VOLUME control code.

The hDevice handle passed to DeviceIoControl must be a handle to a volume, opened for direct access. To retrieve this handle, call CreateFile with the lpFileName parameter set to a string of the following form:

\\.\X:

where X is a hard-drive partition letter, floppy disk drive, or CD-ROM drive. The application must also specify the FILE_SHARE_READ and FILE_SHARE_WRITE flags in the dwShareMode parameter of CreateFile.

IIn Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, this code is supported by the following technologies.

TechnologySupported

Server Message Block (SMB) 3.0 protocol

No

SMB 3.0 Transparent Failover (TFO)

No

SMB 3.0 with Scale-out File Shares (SO)

No

Cluster Shared Volume File System (CsvFS)

See comment

 

PNP notification is issued only on the node where the FSCTL was issued.

After acquiring a lock on a CSV volume, you must close the handle used to lock that volume before opening a handle to the volume. Unlocking the volume by using FSCTL_UNLOCK_VOLUME is not sufficient.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

WinIoCtl.h (include Windows.h)

See also

CreateFile
DeviceIoControl
FSCTL_LOCK_VOLUME
Volume Management Control Codes

 

 

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