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Extending Tracing

This sample demonstrates how to extend the Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) tracing feature by writing user-defined activity traces in client and service code. This allows the user to create trace activities and group traces into logical units of work. It is also possible to correlate activities through transfers (within the same endpoint) and propagation (across endpoints). In this sample, tracing is enabled for both the client and the service. For more information about how to enable tracing in client and service configuration files, see Tracing and Message Logging.

This sample is based on the Getting Started Sample.

Note Note

The set-up procedure and build instructions for this sample are located at the end of this topic.

Important note Important

The samples may already be installed on your computer. Check for the following (default) directory before continuing.

<InstallDrive>:\WF_WCF_Samples

If this directory does not exist, go to Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) Samples for .NET Framework 4 to download all Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and WF samples. This sample is located in the following directory.

<InstallDrive>:\WF_WCF_Samples\WCF\Basic\Management\ExtendingTracing

User-defined activity tracing allows the user to create their own trace activities to group traces into logical units of work, correlate activities through transfers and propagation, and lessen the performance cost of WCF tracing (for example, the disk space cost of a log file).

Aa354511.collapse_all(en-us,VS.110).gifAdding Custom Sources

User-defined traces can be added to both client and service code. Adding trace sources to the client or service configuration files allow for these custom traces to be recorded and displayed in the Service Trace Viewer Tool (SvcTraceViewer.exe). The following code shows how to add a user-defined trace source named ServerCalculatorTraceSource to the configuration file.

<system.diagnostics>
    <sources>
        <source name="System.ServiceModel" switchValue="Warning" propagateActivity="true">
            <listeners>
                <add type="System.Diagnostics.DefaultTraceListener" name="Default">
                    <filter type="" />
                </add>
                <add name="xml">
                    <filter type="" />
                </add>
            </listeners>
        </source>
        <source name="ServerCalculatorTraceSource" switchValue="Information,ActivityTracing">
            <listeners>
                <add type="System.Diagnostics.DefaultTraceListener" name="Default">
                    <filter type="" />
                </add>
                <add name="xml">
                    <filter type="" />
                </add>
            </listeners>
        </source>
    </sources>
    <sharedListeners>
       <add initializeData="C:\logs\ServerTraces.svclog" type="System.Diagnostics.XmlWriterTraceListener"
        name="xml" traceOutputOptions="Callstack">
            <filter type="" />
        </add>
    </sharedListeners>
    <trace autoflush="true" />
</system.diagnostics>....
....

Aa354511.collapse_all(en-us,VS.110).gifCorrelating Activities

To correlate activities directly across endpoints, the propagateActivity attribute must be set to true in the System.ServiceModel trace source. Also, to propagate traces without going through WCF activities, ServiceModel Activity Tracing must be turned off. This can be seen in the following code example.

Note Note

Turning off ServiceModel Activity Tracing is not the same as having the trace level, denoted by the switchValue property, set to off.

<system.diagnostics>
    <sources>
      <source name="System.ServiceModel" switchValue="Warning" propagateActivity="true">

    ...

       </source>
    </sources>
</system.diagnostics>

Aa354511.collapse_all(en-us,VS.110).gifLessening Performance Cost

Setting ActivityTracing to off in the System.ServiceModel trace source generates a trace file that contains only user-defined activity traces, without any of the ServiceModel activity traces included. This results in a log file of much smaller size. However, the opportunity to correlate WCF processing traces is lost.

To set up, build, and run the sample

  1. Ensure that you have performed the One-Time Setup Procedure for the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

  2. To build the C# or Visual Basic .NET edition of the solution, follow the instructions in Building the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

  3. To run the sample in a single- or cross-computer configuration, follow the instructions in Running the Windows Communication Foundation Samples.

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