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How to: Recieve Notification When a Timeline Completes

The Completed event notifies you when a Timeline completes. A timeline is considered to have completed after it has reached the end of its active period and will no longer play unless interactively restarted. Note that "completed" is not the same as "stopped playing": stopping a timeline does not trigger the Completed event (but skipping to the timeline's fill period does).

In the following example, two Storyboard objects are used to create an animation transition between two images, stored using ImageSource objects and displayed using an Image control. One storyboard shrinks the image control until it disappears. After it completes, the old ImageSource is swapped with the other ImageSource, and a second storyboard that expands the image control until it is full-sized again.

<!-- TimelineCompletedExample.xaml 
     This example creates an animated transition between
     two images. When the user clicks the Start Transition button,
     a storyboard shrinks an image until it disappears. 
     The Completed event is used to notify the class when this
     storyboard has completed. The code behind file handles
     this event by swapping the image and making it visible again.
-->
<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  x:Class="SDKSample.TimelineCompletedExample"
  WindowTitle="Timeline Completed Example"
  Loaded="exampleLoaded">
  <Page.Resources>

    <!-- A simple picture of a rectangle. -->
    <DrawingImage x:Key="RectangleDrawingImage">
      <DrawingImage.Drawing>
        <DrawingGroup>
          <GeometryDrawing Brush="White">
            <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <RectangleGeometry Rect="0,0,100,100"  />
            </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
          </GeometryDrawing>
          <GeometryDrawing Brush="Orange">
            <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <RectangleGeometry Rect="25,25,50,50"  />
            </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
          </GeometryDrawing>
        </DrawingGroup>
      </DrawingImage.Drawing>
    </DrawingImage>

    <!-- A simple picture of a cirlce. -->
    <DrawingImage x:Key="CircleDrawingImage">
      <DrawingImage.Drawing>
        <DrawingGroup>
          <GeometryDrawing Brush="White">
            <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <RectangleGeometry Rect="0,0,100,100"  />
            </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
          </GeometryDrawing>
          <GeometryDrawing>
            <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <EllipseGeometry Center="50,50" RadiusX="25" RadiusY="25"  />
            </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
            <GeometryDrawing.Brush>
              <RadialGradientBrush GradientOrigin="0.75,0.25" Center="0.75,0.25">
                <GradientStop Offset="0.0" Color="White" />
                <GradientStop Offset="1.0" Color="LimeGreen" />
              </RadialGradientBrush>
            </GeometryDrawing.Brush>
          </GeometryDrawing>
        </DrawingGroup>
      </DrawingImage.Drawing>
    </DrawingImage>

    <!-- Define the storyboard that enlarges the image.
         This storyboard is applied using code when
         ZoomOutStoryboard completes. -->
    <Storyboard x:Key="ZoomInStoryboardResource">
      <DoubleAnimation 
        Storyboard.TargetName="AnimatedImageScaleTranform" 
        Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleX" 
        Duration="0:0:5" To="1" />
      <DoubleAnimation 
       Storyboard.TargetName="AnimatedImageScaleTranform" 
       Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleY" 
       Duration="0:0:5" To="1" />
    </Storyboard>
  </Page.Resources>

  <StackPanel Margin="20" >
    <Border 
      BorderBrush="Gray" BorderThickness="2" 
      HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center">

      <!-- Displays the current ImageSource. -->
      <Image
        Name="AnimatedImage" 
        Width="200" Height="200"
        RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">
        <Image.RenderTransform>
          <ScaleTransform x:Name="AnimatedImageScaleTranform" 
            ScaleX="1" ScaleY="1" />
        </Image.RenderTransform>
      </Image>
    </Border>


    <!-- This StackPanel contains buttons that control the storyboard. -->
    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="0,30,0,0">

      <Button Name="BeginButton">Start Transition</Button>
      <Button Name="SkipToFillButton">Skip To Fill</Button>
      <Button Name="StopButton">Stop</Button>

      <StackPanel.Triggers>

        <!-- Begin the storyboard that shrinks the image. After the storyboard
             completes, -->
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click" SourceName="BeginButton">
          <BeginStoryboard Name="ZoomOutBeginStoryboard">
            <Storyboard x:Name="ZoomOutStoryboard" 
              Completed="zoomOutStoryboardCompleted" FillBehavior="Stop">
              <DoubleAnimation 
                Storyboard.TargetName="AnimatedImageScaleTranform" 
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleX" 
                Duration="0:0:5" To="0" FillBehavior="Stop" />
              <DoubleAnimation 
               Storyboard.TargetName="AnimatedImageScaleTranform" 
               Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleY" 
               Duration="0:0:5" To="0" FillBehavior="Stop" />
            </Storyboard>
          </BeginStoryboard>
        </EventTrigger>

        <!-- Advances ZoomOutStoryboard to its fill period.
             This action triggers the Completed event. -->
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click" SourceName="SkipToFillButton">
          <SkipStoryboardToFill BeginStoryboardName="ZoomOutBeginStoryboard" />
        </EventTrigger>

        <!-- Stops the storyboard. This action does not
             trigger the completed event. -->
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click" SourceName="StopButton">
          <StopStoryboard BeginStoryboardName="ZoomOutBeginStoryboard" />
        </EventTrigger>
      </StackPanel.Triggers>
    </StackPanel>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>
// TimelineCompletedExample.xaml.cs 
// Handles the ZoomOutStoryboard's Completed event. 
// See the TimelienCompletedExample.xaml file 
// for the markup that creates the images and storyboards. 

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Navigation;


namespace SDKSample
{

    public partial class TimelineCompletedExample : Page
    {

        private Storyboard zoomInStoryboard;
        private ImageSource currentImageSource;
        private ImageSource nextImageSource;

        public TimelineCompletedExample()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void exampleLoaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // Cache the zoom-out storyboard resource.
            zoomInStoryboard = 
                (Storyboard) this.Resources["ZoomInStoryboardResource"];

            // Cache the ImageSource resources.
            currentImageSource = 
                (ImageSource) this.Resources["RectangleDrawingImage"];
            nextImageSource = 
                (ImageSource) this.Resources["CircleDrawingImage"];

            // Display the current image source.
            AnimatedImage.Source = currentImageSource;
        }

        // Handles the zoom-out storyboard's completed event.  
        private void zoomOutStoryboardCompleted(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            AnimatedImage.Source = nextImageSource;
            nextImageSource = currentImageSource;
            currentImageSource = AnimatedImage.Source;
            zoomInStoryboard.Begin(AnimatedImage, HandoffBehavior.SnapshotAndReplace);
        }

    }
}

For more information about timing events, see the Timing Events Overview.

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