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datetime and smalldatetime

SQL Server 2000

Date and time data types for representing date and time of day.

datetime

Date and time data from January 1, 1753 through December 31, 9999, to an accuracy of one three-hundredth of a second (equivalent to 3.33 milliseconds or 0.00333 seconds). Values are rounded to increments of .000, .003, or .007 seconds, as shown in the table.

Example Rounded example
01/01/98 23:59:59.999 1998-01-02 00:00:00.000
01/01/98 23:59:59.995,
01/01/98 23:59:59.996,
01/01/98 23:59:59.997, or
01/01/98 23:59:59.998
1998-01-01 23:59:59.997
01/01/98 23:59:59.992,
01/01/98 23:59:59.993,
01/01/98 23:59:59.994
1998-01-01 23:59:59.993
01/01/98 23:59:59.990 or
01/01/98 23:59:59.991
1998-01-01 23:59:59.990

Microsoft® SQL Server™ rejects all values it cannot recognize as dates between 1753 and 9999.

smalldatetime

Date and time data from January 1, 1900, through June 6, 2079, with accuracy to the minute. smalldatetime values with 29.998 seconds or lower are rounded down to the nearest minute; values with 29.999 seconds or higher are rounded up to the nearest minute.

--returns time as 12:35
SELECT CAST('2000-05-08 12:35:29.998' AS smalldatetime)
GO
--returns time as 12:36
SELECT CAST('2000-05-08 12:35:29.999' AS smalldatetime)
GO
Remarks

Values with the datetime data type are stored internally by Microsoft SQL Server as two 4-byte integers. The first 4 bytes store the number of days before or after the base date, January 1, 1900. The base date is the system reference date. Values for datetime earlier than January 1, 1753, are not permitted. The other 4 bytes store the time of day represented as the number of milliseconds after midnight.

The smalldatetime data type stores dates and times of day with less precision than datetime. SQL Server stores smalldatetime values as two 2-byte integers. The first 2 bytes store the number of days after January 1, 1900. The other 2 bytes store the number of minutes since midnight. Dates range from January 1, 1900, through June 6, 2079, with accuracy to the minute.

See Also

ALTER TABLE

CAST and CONVERT

CREATE TABLE

Data Type Conversion

Data Types

DECLARE @local_variable

DELETE

INSERT

SET @local_variable

UPDATE

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