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_CrtDoForAllClientObjects

Visual Studio 6.0

Calls an application-supplied function for all _CLIENT_BLOCK types in the heap (debug version only).

void _CrtDoForAllClientObjects( void (*pfn)(void *, void *), void *context );

Routine Required Header Compatibility
_CrtDoForAllClientObjects <crtdbg.h> Win NT, Win 95

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

LIBCD.LIB Single thread static library, debug version
LIBCMTD.LIB Multithread static library, debug version
MSVCRTD.LIB Import library for MSVCRTD.DLL, debug version

Return Value

None

Parameters

void (*pfn)(void *, void *)

Pointer to the application-supplied function to call

context

Pointer to the application-supplied context to pass to the application-supplied function

Remarks

The _CrtDoForAllClientObjects function searches the heap’s linked list for memory blocks with the _CLIENT_BLOCK type and calls the application-supplied function when a block of this type is found. The found block and the context parameter are passed as arguments to the application-supplied function. During debugging, an application can track a specific group of allocations by explicitly calling the debug heap functions to allocate the memory and specifying that the blocks be assigned the _CLIENT_BLOCK block type. These blocks can then be tracked separately and reported on differently during leak detection and memory state reporting.

If the _CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF bit field of the _crtDbgFlag flag is not turned on, _CrtDoForAllClientObjects immediately returns. When _DEBUG is not defined, calls to _CrtDoForAllClientObjects are removed during preprocessing.

For more information about the _CLIENT_BLOCK type and how it can be used by other debug functions, see Types of Blocks on the Debug Heap. For information about how memory blocks are allocated, initialized, and managed in the debug version of the base heap, see Memory Management and the Debug Heap.

Example

/*
 * DFACOBJS.C
 * This program allocates some CLIENT type blocks of memory
 * and then calls _CrtDoForAllClientObjects to print out the contents
 * of each client block found on the heap.
 */

#include <crtdbg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/*
 * My Memory Block linked-list data structure
 */
typedef struct MyMemoryBlockStruct
{
   struct MyMemoryBlockStruct *NextPtr;
   int blockType;
   int allocNum;
} aMemoryBlock;
aMemoryBlock *HeadPtr;
aMemoryBlock *TailPtr;

/*
 * CreateMemoryBlock
 * allocates a block of memory, fills in the data structure
 * and adds the new block to the linked list
 * Returns 1 if successful, otherwise 0
 */
int CreateMemoryBlock(
   int allocNum,
   int blockType
   )
{
   aMemoryBlock *blockPtr;
   size_t size;

   size = sizeof( struct MyMemoryBlockStruct );
   if ( blockType == _CLIENT_BLOCK )
      blockPtr = (aMemoryBlock *) _malloc_dbg( size, _CLIENT_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );
   else
      blockPtr = (aMemoryBlock *) _malloc_dbg( size, _NORMAL_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );

   if ( blockPtr == NULL )
      return(0);

   blockPtr->allocNum = allocNum;
   blockPtr->blockType = blockType;

   blockPtr->NextPtr = NULL;
   if ( HeadPtr == NULL )
      HeadPtr = blockPtr;
   else
      TailPtr->NextPtr = blockPtr;
   TailPtr = blockPtr;
   return(1);
}

/*
 * RestoreMemoryToHeap
 * restores all of the memory that we allocated on the heap
 */
void RestoreMemoryToHeap( )
{
   aMemoryBlock *blockPtr;

   if (!HeadPtr)
      return;

   while ( HeadPtr->NextPtr != NULL )
   {
      blockPtr = HeadPtr->NextPtr;
      if  ( HeadPtr->blockType == _CLIENT_BLOCK )
         _free_dbg( HeadPtr, _CLIENT_BLOCK );
      else
         _free_dbg( HeadPtr, _NORMAL_BLOCK );

      HeadPtr = blockPtr;
   }
}

/*
 * MyClientObjectHook
 * A hook function for performing some action on all
 * client blocks found on the heap - In this case, print
 * out the value stored at each memory address.
 */                    
void __cdecl MyClientObjectHook(
   void * pUserData,
   void * ignored
   )
{
   aMemoryBlock *blockPtr;
   long allocReqNum;
   int success;

   blockPtr = (aMemoryBlock *) pUserData;

   /*
    * Let's retrieve the actual object allocation order request number
    * and see if it's different from the allocation number we stored in
    * in our data structure.
    */
   success = _CrtIsMemoryBlock((const void *) blockPtr,
            (unsigned int) sizeof( struct MyMemoryBlockStruct ), &allocReqNum,
            NULL, NULL );
   if ( success )
   printf( "Block #%d \t Type: %d \t Allocation Number: %d\n", blockPtr->allocNum,
           blockPtr->blockType, allocReqNum);
   else
   {
          printf("ERROR: not a valid memory block.\n");       
          exit( 1 );
   }
}

void main( void )
{
   div_t div_result;
   int i, success, tmpFlag;

   /*
    * Set the _crtDbgFlag to turn debug type allocations.
    * This will enable us to specify that blocks of type
    * _CLIENT_BLOCK can be allocated and tracked separately.
    * Turn off checking for internal CRT blocks.
    */
   tmpFlag = _CrtSetDbgFlag( _CRTDBG_REPORT_FLAG );
   tmpFlag |= _CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF;
   tmpFlag &= _CRTDBG_CHECK_CRT_DF;
   _CrtSetDbgFlag( tmpFlag );

   /*
    * We're going to allocate 22 blocks and every other block is
    * going to be of type _CLIENT_BLOCK.
    * Blocks numbered 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, and 22
    * should all be _CLIENT_BLOCKS.
    */
   HeadPtr = NULL;
   printf("Allocating the memory ");
   for (i=1; i < 23; i++)
   {
          div_result = div( i, 2);
   if ( div_result.rem > 0 )
      success = CreateMemoryBlock( i, _NORMAL_BLOCK );
   else
      success = CreateMemoryBlock( i, _CLIENT_BLOCK );
       
   if ( !success )
   {
         printf(" ERROR.\n");       
            exit( 1 );
      }
   else
      printf(".");
   }
   printf(" done.\n");

   /*
    * We're going to call _CrtDoForAllClientObjects to
    * make sure that only blocks numbered 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, and 22
    * got allocated as _CLIENT_BLOCKS.
    */
   _CrtDoForAllClientObjects( MyClientObjectHook, NULL );

   /*
    * Restore the memory to the heap
    */
   RestoreMemoryToHeap();
   exit( 0 );
}

Output

The instruction at "0x00401153" referenced memory at "0x00000004". The memory could not be "read".

Debug Functions

See Also   _CrtSetDbgFlag, Heap State Reporting Functions

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