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Visual Studio 6.0

Restores stack environment and execution locale.

void longjmp( jmp_buf env, int value );

Routine Required Header Compatibility
longjmp <setjmp.h> ANSI, Win 95, Win NT

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.


LIBC.LIB Single thread static library, retail version
LIBCMT.LIB Multithread static library, retail version
MSVCRT.LIB Import library for MSVCRT.DLL, retail version

Return Value




Variable in which environment is stored


Value to be returned to setjmp call


The longjmp function restores a stack environment and execution locale previously saved in env by setjmp. setjmp and longjmp provide a way to execute a nonlocal goto; they are typically used to pass execution control to error-handling or recovery code in a previously called routine without using the normal call and return conventions.

A call to setjmp causes the current stack environment to be saved in env. A subsequent call to longjmp restores the saved environment and returns control to the point immediately following the corresponding setjmp call. Execution resumes as if value had just been returned by the setjmp call. The values of all variables (except register variables) that are accessible to the routine receiving control contain the values they had when longjmp was called. The values of register variables are unpredictable. The value returned by setjmp must be nonzero. If value is passed as 0, the value 1 is substituted in the actual return.

Call longjmp before the function that called setjmp returns; otherwise the results are unpredictable.

Observe the following restrictions when using longjmp:

  • Do not assume that the values of the register variables will remain the same. The values of register variables in the routine calling setjmp may not be restored to the proper values after longjmp is executed.

  • Do not use longjmp to transfer control out of an interrupt-handling routine unless the interrupt is caused by a floating-point exception. In this case, a program may return from an interrupt handler via longjmp if it first reinitializes the floating-point math package by calling _fpreset.

  • Be careful when using setjmp and longjmp in C++ programs. Because these functions do not support C++ object semantics, it is safer to use the C++ exception-handling mechanism.


/* FPRESET.C: This program uses signal to set up a
 * routine for handling floating-point errors.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <float.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>

jmp_buf mark;              /* Address for long jump to jump to */
int     fperr;             /* Global error number */

void __cdecl fphandler( int sig, int num );   /* Prototypes */
void fpcheck( void );

void main( void )
   double n1, n2, r;
   int jmpret;
   /* Unmask all floating-point exceptions. */
    _control87( 0, _MCW_EM );
   /* Set up floating-point error handler. The compiler
    * will generate a warning because it expects
    * signal-handling functions to take only one argument.
    if( signal( SIGFPE, fphandler ) == SIG_ERR )

      fprintf( stderr, "Couldn't set SIGFPE\n" );
      abort();   }

   /* Save stack environment for return in case of error. First
    * time through, jmpret is 0, so true conditional is executed.
    * If an error occurs, jmpret will be set to -1 and false
    * conditional will be executed.
   jmpret = setjmp( mark );
   if( jmpret == 0 )
      printf( "Test for invalid operation - " );
      printf( "enter two numbers: " );
      scanf( "%lf %lf", &n1, &n2 );
      r = n1 / n2;
      /* This won't be reached if error occurs. */
      printf( "\n\n%4.3g / %4.3g = %4.3g\n", n1, n2, r );

      r = n1 * n2;
      /* This won't be reached if error occurs. */
      printf( "\n\n%4.3g * %4.3g = %4.3g\n", n1, n2, r );
/* fphandler handles SIGFPE (floating-point error) interrupt. Note
 * that this prototype accepts two arguments and that the
 * prototype for signal in the run-time library expects a signal
 * handler to have only one argument.
 * The second argument in this signal handler allows processing of
 * _FPE_ZERODIVIDE, all of which are Microsoft-specific symbols
 * that augment the information provided by SIGFPE. The compiler
 * will generate a warning, which is harmless and expected.

void fphandler( int sig, int num )
   /* Set global for outside check since we don't want
    * to do I/O in the handler.
   fperr = num;
   /* Initialize floating-point package. */
   /* Restore calling environment and jump back to setjmp. Return
    * -1 so that setjmp will return false for conditional test.
   longjmp( mark, -1 );
void fpcheck( void )
   char fpstr[30];
   switch( fperr )
   case _FPE_INVALID:
       strcpy( fpstr, "Invalid number" );
   case _FPE_OVERFLOW:
       strcpy( fpstr, "Overflow" );

       strcpy( fpstr, "Underflow" );
       strcpy( fpstr, "Divide by zero" );
       strcpy( fpstr, "Other floating point error" );
   printf( "Error %d: %s\n", fperr, fpstr );


Test for invalid operation - enter two numbers: 5 0
Error 131: Divide by zero

Process and Environment Control Routines

See Also   setjmp

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