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Cursor Architecture

SQL Server 2000

All SQL statements operate on a set of rows. A SELECT statement returns a complete result set containing all the rows that meet the qualifications in the SELECT statement. Applications need to process the result set one row or block of rows at a time. Cursors are a logical extension to result sets that let applications work with the result set row by row.

Microsoft® SQL Server™ 2000 supports several mechanisms for specifying cursors:

  • Transact-SQL supports the SQL-92 DECLARE CURSOR, OPEN, FETCH, and CLOSE statements for managing cursors. Transact-SQL also supports cursor extensions such as:
    • A DEALLOCATE statement to allow optimizations in reusing cursors.

    • Defining a Transact-SQL variable to have a cursor data type and then using it to refer to a cursor.

    • Defining a cursor to have local or global scope.

    • Specifying the cursor types from the OLE DB and ODBC specifications (FORWARD_ONLY, STATIC, KEYSET, and DYNAMIC) in a DECLARE CURSOR statement.
  • The Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server supports the cursor functionality of the ADO and OLE DB APIs.

  • The Microsoft SQL Server ODBC driver supports the cursor functionality of the ODBC, RDO, DAO, and Microsoft Foundation Classes Database Classes APIs.

  • Microsoft Embedded SQL for C supports the cursor functionality of the Embedded SQL standard.

  • The DB-Library API supports the same level of cursor functionality as the OLE DB and ODBC APIs.

See Also

Cursors

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