Effects of Stored Procedures on Application Performance
All well-designed Microsoft® SQL Server™ 2000 applications should use stored procedures. This is true whether or not the business logic of the application is written into stored procedures. Even standard Transact-SQL statements with no business logic component gain a performance advantage when packaged as stored procedures with parameters. Transact-SQL statements compiled into stored procedures can save a significant amount of processing at execution time. For more information, see Stored Procedures.
Another advantage of stored procedures is that client execution requests use the network more efficiently than equivalent Transact-SQL statements sent to the server. For example, suppose an application needs to insert a large binary value into an image data column. To send the data in an INSERT statement, the application must convert the binary value to a character string (doubling its size), and then send it to the server. The server then converts the value back into a binary format for storage in the image column. In contrast, the application can create a stored procedure of the form:
CREATE PROCEDURE P(@p1 image) AS INSERT T VALUES (@p1)
When the client application requests an execution of procedure P, the image parameter value will stay in binary format all the way to the server, thereby saving processing time and network traffic.
SQL Server stored procedures can provide even greater performance gains when they include business services logic because it moves the processing to the data, rather than moving the data to the processing.