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FormatDateTime Function (Visual Basic)

Returns a string expression representing a date/time value.

Function FormatDateTime(
   ByVal Expression As DateTime,
   Optional ByVal NamedFormat As DateFormat = DateFormat.GeneralDate
) As String

Expression

Required. Date expression to be formatted.

NamedFormat

Optional. Numeric value that indicates the date/time format used. If omitted, DateFormat.GeneralDate is used.

The NamedFormat argument has the following settings.

Constant

Description

DateFormat.GeneralDate

Display a date and/or time. Display a date part as a short date. If there is a time part, display it as a long time. If present, both parts display.

DateFormat.LongDate

Display a date using the long date format specified in your computer's regional settings.

DateFormat.ShortDate

Display a date using the short date format specified in your computer's regional settings.

DateFormat.LongTime

Display a time using the time format specified in your computer's regional settings.

DateFormat.ShortTime

Display a time using the 24-hour format (hh:mm).

Exception type

Error number

Condition

ArgumentException

5

NamedFormat setting is not valid.

See the "Error number" column if you are upgrading Visual Basic 6.0 applications that use unstructured error handling. (You can compare the error number against the Number Property (Err Object).) However, when possible, you should consider replacing such error control with Structured Exception Handling Overview for Visual Basic.

The Date data type always contains both date and time information. For purposes of type conversion, Visual Basic considers 1/1/1 (January 1 of the year 1) to be a neutral value for the date, and 00:00:00 (midnight) to be a neutral value for the time. If you format a Date value as a date/time string, FormatDateTime does not include neutral values in the resulting string. For example, if you convert #1/1/0001 9:30:00# to a string, the result is "9:30:00 AM"; the date information is suppressed. However, the date information is still present in the original Date value and can be recovered with functions such as DatePart.

NoteNote:

If you pass the Expression argument as a String literal, FormatDateTime interprets it according to the CurrentCulture setting of your application. However, if you pass it as a Date literal, use the format #mm/dd/yyyy#, because FormatDateTime always interprets a Date literal according to the English (US) culture. This is necessary because, if an application is developed and coded using Date literals from one culture, but is then executed on a platform with a different culture, the Date literals could be parsed incorrectly.

This example demonstrates the use of the FormatDateTime function.

' English (US) format. 
Dim TestDate As DateTime = #3/12/1999#

' FormatDateTime returns "Friday, March 12, 1999". 
' The time information is neutral (00:00:00) and therefore suppressed. 
Dim TestString As String = FormatDateTime(TestDate, DateFormat.LongDate)

Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module: Strings

Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

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