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multiplies Struct

A predefined function object that performs the multiplication operation (binary operator*) on its arguments.

template<class Type = void>
   struct multiplies : public binary_function <Type, Type, Type> 
   {
      Type operator()(
         const Type& Left, 
         const Type& Right
      ) const;
   };

// specialized transparent functor for operator*
template<>
   struct multiplies<void>
   {
      template<class Type1, class Type2>
      auto operator()(Type1&& Left, Type2&& Right) const
         -> decltype(std::forward<Type1>(Left)
            * std::forward<Type2>(Right));
   };

Type, Type1, Type2

A type that supports a binary operator* that takes operands of the specified or inferred types.

Left

The left operand of the multiplication operation. The unspecialized template takes an lvalue reference argument of type Type. The specialized template does perfect forwarding of lvalue and rvalue reference arguments of inferred type Type1.

Right

The right operand of the multiplication operation. The unspecialized template takes an lvalue reference argument of type Type. The specialized template does perfect forwarding of lvalue and rvalue reference arguments of inferred type Type2.

The result of Left * Right. The specialized template does perfect forwarding of the result, which has the type that's returned by operator*.

// functional_multiplies.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <vector>
#include <functional>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main( )
{
   vector <int> v1, v2, v3 ( 6 );
   vector <int>::iterator Iter1, Iter2, Iter3;
   
   int i;
   for ( i = 1 ; i <= 6 ; i++ )
   {
      v1.push_back( 2 * i );
   }

   int j;
   for ( j = 1 ; j <= 6 ; j++ )
   {
      v2.push_back( 3 * j );
   }

   cout << "The vector v1 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter1 = v1.begin( ) ; Iter1 != v1.end( ) ; Iter1++ )
      cout << *Iter1 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   cout << "The vector v2 = ( " ;
   for ( Iter2 = v2.begin( ) ; Iter2 != v2.end( ) ; Iter2++ )
      cout << *Iter2 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;

   // Finding the element-wise products of the elements of v1 & v2
   transform ( v1.begin( ),  v1.end( ), v2.begin( ), v3.begin ( ), 
      multiplies<int>( ) );

   cout << "The element-wise products of vectors V1 & v2\n are: ( " ;
   for ( Iter3 = v3.begin( ) ; Iter3 != v3.end( ) ; Iter3++ )
      cout << *Iter3 << " ";
   cout << ")" << endl;
}
The vector v1 = ( 2 4 6 8 10 12 )
The vector v2 = ( 3 6 9 12 15 18 )
The element-wise products of vectors V1 & v2
 are: ( 6 24 54 96 150 216 )

Header: <functional>

Namespace: std

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