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max

Compares two objects and returns the larger of the two, where the ordering criterion may be specified by a binary predicate.

template<class Type>
   const Type& max(
      const Type& _Left, 
      const Type& _Right
   );
template<class Type, class Pr>
   const Type& max(
      const Type& _Left, 
      const Type& _Right,
      BinaryPredicate _Comp
   );

Parameters

_Left
The first of the two objects being compared.
_Right
The second of the two objects being compared.
_Comp
A binary predicate used to compare the two objects.

Return Value

The greater of the two objects unless neither is greater, in which case it returns the first of the two objects.

Remarks

The max algorithm is unusual in having objects passed as parameters. Most Standard Template Library algorithms operate on a range of elements whose position is specified by iterators passes as parameters.

Example

// alg_max.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <vector>
#include <set>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <ostream>

using namespace std;
class CInt;
ostream& operator<<( ostream& osIn, const CInt& rhs );

class CInt
{
public:
   CInt( int n = 0 ) : m_nVal( n ){}
   CInt( const CInt& rhs ) : m_nVal( rhs.m_nVal ){}
   CInt&   operator=( const CInt& rhs ) {m_nVal = 
   rhs.m_nVal; return *this;}
   bool operator<( const CInt& rhs ) const 
      {return ( m_nVal < rhs.m_nVal );}
   friend ostream& operator<<( ostream& osIn, const CInt& rhs );

private:
   int m_nVal;
};

inline ostream& operator<<( ostream& osIn, const CInt& rhs )
{
   osIn << "CInt( " << rhs.m_nVal << " )"; 
   return osIn;
}

// Return whether modulus of elem1 is greater than modulus of elem2
bool mod_greater ( int elem1, int elem2 )
{
   if ( elem1 < 0 ) 
      elem1 = - elem1;
   if ( elem2 < 0 ) 
      elem2 = - elem2;
   return elem1 > elem2;
};

int main( )
{
   // Comparing integers directly using the max algorithm
   int a = 6, b = -7, c = 7;
   const int& result1 = max ( a, b, mod_greater );
   const int& result2 = max ( b, c );

   cout << "The mod_greater of the integers 6 & -7 is: " 
        << result1 << "." << endl;
   cout << "The larger of the integers -7 & 7 is: " 
        << result2 << "." << endl;
   cout << endl;

   // Comparing set containers with elements of type CInt 
   // using the max algorithm
   CInt c1 = 1, c2 = 2, c3 = 3;
   set<CInt> s1, s2, s3;
   set<CInt>::iterator s1_Iter, s2_Iter, s3_Iter;
   
   s1.insert ( c1 );
   s1.insert ( c2 );
   s2.insert ( c2 );
   s2.insert ( c3 );

   cout << "s1 = (";
   for ( s1_Iter = s1.begin( ); s1_Iter != --s1.end( ); s1_Iter++ )
      cout << " " << *s1_Iter << ",";
   s1_Iter = --s1.end( );
   cout << " " << *s1_Iter << " )." << endl;

   cout << "s2 = (";
   for ( s2_Iter = s2.begin( ); s2_Iter != --s2.end( ); s2_Iter++ )
      cout << " " << *s2_Iter << ",";
   s2_Iter = --s2.end( );
   cout << " " << *s2_Iter << " )." << endl;

   s3 = max ( s1, s2 );
   cout << "s3 = max ( s1, s2 ) = (";
   for ( s3_Iter = s3.begin( ); s3_Iter != --s3.end( ); s3_Iter++ )
      cout << " " << *s3_Iter << ",";
   s3_Iter = --s3.end( );
   cout << " " << *s3_Iter << " )." << endl << endl;

   // Comparing vectors with integer elements using the max algorithm
   vector <int> v1, v2, v3, v4, v5;
   vector <int>::iterator Iter1, Iter2, Iter3, Iter4, Iter5;

   int i;
   for ( i = 0 ; i <= 2 ; i++ )
   {
      v1.push_back( i );
   }

   int ii;
   for ( ii = 0 ; ii <= 2 ; ii++ )
   {
      v2.push_back( ii );
   }

   int iii;
   for ( iii = 0 ; iii <= 2 ; iii++ )
   {
      v3.push_back( 2 * iii );
   }
   
   cout << "Vector v1 is ( " ;
   for ( Iter1 = v1.begin( ) ; Iter1 != v1.end( ) ; Iter1++ )
      cout << *Iter1 << " ";
   cout << ")." << endl;

   cout << "Vector v2 is ( " ;
   for ( Iter2 = v2.begin( ) ; Iter2 != v2.end( ) ; Iter2++ )
      cout << *Iter2 << " ";
   cout << ")." << endl;
   
   cout << "Vector v3 is ( " ;
   for ( Iter3 = v3.begin( ) ; Iter3 != v3.end( ) ; Iter3++ )
      cout << *Iter3 << " ";
   cout << ")." << endl;

   v4 = max ( v1, v2 );
   v5 = max ( v1, v3 );

   cout << "Vector v4 = max (v1,v2) is ( " ;
   for ( Iter4 = v4.begin( ) ; Iter4 != v4.end( ) ; Iter4++ )
      cout << *Iter4 << " ";
   cout << ")." << endl;

   cout << "Vector v5 = max (v1,v3) is ( " ;
   for ( Iter5 = v5.begin( ) ; Iter5 != v5.end( ) ; Iter5++ )
      cout << *Iter5 << " ";
   cout << ")." << endl;
}

Output

The mod_greater of the integers 6 & -7 is: 6.
The larger of the integers -7 & 7 is: 7.

s1 = ( CInt( 1 ), CInt( 2 ) ).
s2 = ( CInt( 2 ), CInt( 3 ) ).
s3 = max ( s1, s2 ) = ( CInt( 2 ), CInt( 3 ) ).

Vector v1 is ( 0 1 2 ).
Vector v2 is ( 0 1 2 ).
Vector v3 is ( 0 2 4 ).
Vector v4 = max (v1,v2) is ( 0 1 2 ).
Vector v5 = max (v1,v3) is ( 0 2 4 ).

See Also

<algorithm> Members

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