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set::count (STL Samples)

Illustrates how to use the set::count Standard Template Library (STL) function in Visual C++.

template<class _K, class _Pr, class _A> 
   class set 
   { 
      public: 
      // Function 1: 
      size_type count(const _K& _Kv) const; 
   }

Note Note

The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

The count function is used to determine the number of elements in the controlled sequence that have a particular key.

// SetCount.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
//
//      Illustrates how to use the count function to determine how
//      many elements have a particular key.
//
// Functions:
//    count        Returns the number of elements in the controlled
//                 sequence that have a particular key.
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#pragma warning(disable:4786)
#include <set>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std ;

typedef set<int> SET_INT;

void truefalse(int x)
{
  cout << (x?"True":"False") << endl;
}

int main() {
  SET_INT s1;
  SET_INT::_Pairib pib;
  cout << "s1.insert(5)" << endl;
  pib=s1.insert(5);
  cout << "Inserted element: ";
  truefalse(pib.second);  // True

  cout << "s1.insert(5)" << endl;
  pib=s1.insert(5);
  cout << "Inserted element: ";
  truefalse(pib.second);  // True

  cout << "s1.insert(8)" << endl;
  s1.insert(8);

  cout << "s1.insert(12)" << endl;
  s1.insert(12);

  cout << "s1.count(5) returned ";
  cout << s1.count(5) << endl;    // 1

  cout << "s1.count(9) returned ";
  cout << s1.count(9) << endl;    // 0
}

s1.insert(5)
Inserted element: True
s1.insert(5)
Inserted element: False
s1.insert(8)
s1.insert(12)
s1.count(5) returned 1
s1.count(9) returned 0

Header: <set>

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