DllImportAttribute.CharSet Field

Indicates how to marshal string parameters to the method and controls name mangling.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.InteropServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public CharSet CharSet

Use this field with a member of the CharSet enumeration to specify the marshaling behavior of string parameters and to specify which entry-point name to invoke (the exact name given or a name ending with "A" or "W"). The default enumeration member for C# and Visual Basic is CharSet.Ansi and the default enumeration member for C++ is CharSet.None, which is equivalent to CharSet.Ansi. In Visual Basic, you use the Declare statement to specify the CharSet field.

The ExactSpelling field influences the behavior of the CharSet field in determining which entry-point name to invoke. For a detailed description and examples of the string marshaling and name matching behavior associated with the CharSet field, see Specifying a Character Set.

The following code example shows how to use the DllImportAttribute attribute to import the Win32 MessageBox function. The code example then calls the imported method.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

class Example
{
    // Use DllImport to import the Win32 MessageBox function.
    [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    public static extern int MessageBox(IntPtr hWnd, String text, String caption, uint type);

    static void Main()
    {
        // Call the MessageBox function using platform invoke.
        MessageBox(new IntPtr(0), "Hello World!", "Hello Dialog", 0);
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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