Enumerable.Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>)

Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static TResult Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	TAccumulate seed,
	Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate> func,
	Func<TAccumulate, TResult> resultSelector
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TAccumulate

The type of the accumulator value.

TResult

The type of the resulting value.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>

An IEnumerable<T> to aggregate over.

seed
Type: TAccumulate

The initial accumulator value.

func
Type: System.Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>

An accumulator function to be invoked on each element.

resultSelector
Type: System.Func<TAccumulate, TResult>

A function to transform the final accumulator value into the result value.

Return Value

Type: TResult
The transformed final accumulator value.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or func or resultSelector is null.

The Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>) method makes it simple to perform a calculation over a sequence of values. This method works by calling func one time for each element in source. Each time func is called, Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>) passes both the element from the sequence and an aggregated value (as the first argument to func). The value of the seed parameter is used as the initial aggregate value. The result of func replaces the previous aggregated value. The final result of func is passed to resultSelector to obtain the final result of Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>).

To simplify common aggregation operations, the standard query operators also include a general purpose count method, Count, and four numeric aggregation methods, namely Min, Max, Sum, and Average.

The following code example demonstrates how to use Aggregate to apply an accumulator function and a result selector.

            string[] fruits = { "apple", "mango", "orange", "passionfruit", "grape" };

            // Determine whether any string in the array is longer than "banana".
            string longestName =
                fruits.Aggregate("banana",
                                (longest, next) =>
                                    next.Length > longest.Length ? next : longest,
                // Return the final result as an upper case string.
                                fruit => fruit.ToUpper());

            Console.WriteLine(
                "The fruit with the longest name is {0}.",
                longestName);

            // This code produces the following output: 
            // 
            // The fruit with the longest name is PASSIONFRUIT. 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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