# Stack(Of T) Class

**.NET Framework 4.5**

Represents a variable size last-in-first-out (LIFO) collection of instances of the same arbitrary type.

**Namespace:**System.Collections.Generic

**Assembly:**System (in System.dll)

The Stack(Of T) type exposes the following members.

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

Stack(Of T) | Initializes a new instance of the Stack(Of T) class that is empty and has the default initial capacity. | |

Stack(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Initializes a new instance of the Stack(Of T) class that contains elements copied from the specified collection and has sufficient capacity to accommodate the number of elements copied. | |

Stack(Of T)(Int32) | Initializes a new instance of the Stack(Of T) class that is empty and has the specified initial capacity or the default initial capacity, whichever is greater. |

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

Clear | Removes all objects from the Stack(Of T). | |

Contains | Determines whether an element is in the Stack(Of T). | |

CopyTo | Copies the Stack(Of T) to an existing one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified array index. | |

Equals(Object) | Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.) | |

Finalize | Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.) | |

GetEnumerator | Returns an enumerator for the Stack(Of T). | |

GetHashCode | Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.) | |

GetType | Gets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.) | |

MemberwiseClone | Creates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.) | |

Peek | Returns the object at the top of the Stack(Of T) without removing it. | |

Pop | Removes and returns the object at the top of the Stack(Of T). | |

Push | Inserts an object at the top of the Stack(Of T). | |

ToArray | Copies the Stack(Of T) to a new array. | |

ToString | Returns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.) | |

TrimExcess | Sets the capacity to the actual number of elements in the Stack(Of T), if that number is less than 90 percent of current capacity. |

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

Aggregate(Of T)(Func(Of T, T, T)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Aggregate(Of T, TAccumulate)(TAccumulate, Func(Of TAccumulate, T, TAccumulate)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Aggregate(Of T, TAccumulate, TResult)(TAccumulate, Func(Of TAccumulate, T, TAccumulate), Func(Of TAccumulate, TResult)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

All(Of T) | Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Any(Of T) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains any elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Any(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

AsEnumerable(Of T) | Returns the input typed as IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

AsParallel | Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query. (Defined by ParallelEnumerable.) | |

AsParallel(Of T) | Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query. (Defined by ParallelEnumerable.) | |

AsQueryable | Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable. (Defined by Queryable.) | |

AsQueryable(Of T) | Overloaded. Converts a generic IEnumerable(Of T) to a generic IQueryable(Of T). (Defined by Queryable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Cast(Of TResult) | Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Concat(Of T) | Concatenates two sequences. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Contains(Of T)(T) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Contains(Of T)(T, IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Count(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the number of elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Count(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

DefaultIfEmpty(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

DefaultIfEmpty(Of T)(T) | Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Distinct(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Distinct(Of T)(IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ElementAt(Of T) | Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ElementAtOrDefault(Of T) | Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Except(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Except(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

First(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

First(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

FirstOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

FirstOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of T), TResult)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of T), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The keys are compared by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupJoin(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupJoin(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. A specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Intersect(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Intersect(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Join(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, TInner, TResult)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Join(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, TInner, TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Last(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Last(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LastOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LastOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LongCount(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LongCount(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OfType(Of TResult) | Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderByDescending(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderByDescending(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Reverse(Of T) | Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Select(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Select(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T) and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TCollection, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, IEnumerable(Of TCollection)), Func(Of T, TCollection, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TCollection, TResult)(Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TCollection)), Func(Of T, TCollection, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SequenceEqual(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SequenceEqual(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Single(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Single(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SingleOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SingleOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Skip(Of T) | Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SkipWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SkipWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Take(Of T) | Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

TakeWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

TakeWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToArray(Of T) | Creates an array from a IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function and key comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to specified key selector and element selector functions. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToList(Of T) | Creates a List(Of T) from an IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function and key comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to specified key selector and element selector functions. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Union(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Union(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Where(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Where(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Zip(Of T, TSecond, TResult) | Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results. (Defined by Enumerable.) |

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

ICollection.CopyTo | Copies the elements of the ICollection to an Array, starting at a particular Array index. | |

ICollection.IsSynchronized | Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe). | |

ICollection.SyncRoot | Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection. | |

IEnumerable(Of T).GetEnumerator | Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection. | |

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator | Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection. |

Stack(Of T) is implemented as an array.

The capacity of a Stack(Of T) is the number of elements the Stack(Of T) can hold. As elements are added to a Stack(Of T), the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array. The capacity can be decreased by calling TrimExcess.

If Count is less than the capacity of the stack, Push is an O(1) operation. If the capacity needs to be increased to accommodate the new element, Push becomes an O(n) operation, where n is Count. Pop is an O(1) operation.

Stack(Of T) accepts Nothing as a valid value for reference types and allows duplicate elements.

The following code example demonstrates several methods of the Stack(Of T) generic class. The code example creates a stack of strings with default capacity and uses the Push method to push five strings onto the stack. The elements of the stack are enumerated, which does not change the state of the stack. The Pop method is used to pop the first string off the stack. The Peek method is used to look at the next item on the stack, and then the Pop method is used to pop it off.

The ToArray method is used to create an array and copy the stack elements to it, then the array is passed to the Stack(Of T) constructor that takes IEnumerable(Of T), creating a copy of the stack with the order of the elements reversed. The elements of the copy are displayed.

An array twice the size of the stack is created, and the CopyTo method is used to copy the array elements beginning at the middle of the array. The Stack(Of T) constructor is used again to create a copy of the stack with the order of elements reversed; thus, the three null elements are at the end.

The Contains method is used to show that the string "four" is in the first copy of the stack, after which the Clear method clears the copy and the Count property shows that the stack is empty.

Imports System Imports System.Collections.Generic Module Example Sub Main Dim numbers As New Stack(Of String) numbers.Push("one") numbers.Push("two") numbers.Push("three") numbers.Push("four") numbers.Push("five") ' A stack can be enumerated without disturbing its contents. For Each number As String In numbers Console.WriteLine(number) Next Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Popping '{0}'", numbers.Pop()) Console.WriteLine("Peek at next item to pop: {0}", _ numbers.Peek()) Console.WriteLine("Popping '{0}'", numbers.Pop()) ' Create another stack, using the ToArray method and the ' constructor that accepts an IEnumerable(Of T). Note that ' the order of items on the new stack is reversed. Dim stack2 As New Stack(Of String)(numbers.ToArray()) Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contents of the first copy:") For Each number As String In stack2 Console.WriteLine(number) Next ' Create an array twice the size of the stack, compensating ' for the fact that Visual Basic allocates an extra array ' element. Copy the elements of the stack, starting at the ' middle of the array. Dim array2((numbers.Count * 2) - 1) As String numbers.CopyTo(array2, numbers.Count) ' Create a second stack, using the constructor that accepts an ' IEnumerable(Of T). The elements are reversed, with the null ' elements appearing at the end of the stack when enumerated. Dim stack3 As New Stack(Of String)(array2) Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _ "Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:") For Each number As String In stack3 Console.WriteLine(number) Next Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Contains(""four"") = {0}", _ stack2.Contains("four")) Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Clear()") stack2.Clear() Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Count = {0}", _ stack2.Count) End Sub End Module ' This code example produces the following output: ' 'five 'four 'three 'two 'one ' 'Popping 'five' 'Peek at next item to pop: four 'Popping 'four' ' 'Contents of the first copy: 'one 'two 'three ' 'Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls: 'one 'two 'three ' ' ' ' 'stack2.Contains("four") = False ' 'stack2.Clear() ' 'stack2.Count = 0

#### .NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0#### .NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1#### Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library#### .NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8#### .NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

A Stack(Of T) can support multiple readers concurrently, as long as the collection is not modified. Even so, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.