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FormsAuthentication Class

Manages forms-authentication services for Web applications. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public sealed class FormsAuthentication

Forms authentication enables user and password validation for Web applications that do not require Windows authentication. With forms authentication, user information is stored in an external data source, such as a Membership database, or in the configuration file for an application. Once a user is authenticated, forms authentication maintains an authentication ticket in a cookie or in the URL so that an authenticated user does not need to supply credentials with each request.

Forms authentication is enabled by setting the mode attribute of the authentication configuration element to Forms. You can require that all requests to an application contain a valid user authentication ticket by using the authorization configuration element to deny the request of any unknown user, as shown in the following example.

<system.web>
  <authentication mode="Forms">
    <forms loginUrl="login.aspx" />
  </authentication>
  <authorization>
    <deny users="?" />
  </authorization>
</system.web>

In the previous example, any request for an ASP.NET page that is part of the application requires a valid user name that is supplied by forms authentication. If no user name exists, then the request is redirected to the configured LoginUrl.

The FormsAuthentication class provides access to methods and properties that you can use in an application that authenticates users. The RedirectToLoginPage method redirects a browser to the configured LoginUrl for users to log into an application. The RedirectFromLoginPage method redirects an authenticated user back to the original protected URL that was requested or to the DefaultUrl. There are also methods that enable you to manage forms-authentication tickets, if needed.

TopicLocation
How to: Implement Simple Forms AuthenticationBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Use Advanced Features of the ASP.NET Login ControlBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Create an ASP.NET Login PageBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Create an ASP.NET Login PageBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Create an ASP.NET Login PageBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications in Visual Studio
Walkthrough: Creating a Web Site with Membership and User Login (Visual Studio)Building ASP .NET Web Applications in Visual Studio
How to: Use Advanced Features of the ASP.NET Login ControlBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Implement Simple Forms AuthenticationBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications

The following code example shows the Web.config file for an ASP.NET application that uses the ASP.NET membership provider for forms authentication and requires all users to be authenticated.

<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="SqlServices" connectionString="Data Source=MySqlServer;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=aspnetdb;" />
  </connectionStrings>
  <system.web>
    <membership defaultProvider="SqlProvider" userIsOnlineTimeWindow="20">
      <providers>
        <add name="SqlProvider"
          type="System.Web.Security.SqlMembershipProvider"
          connectionStringName="SqlServices"
          enablePasswordRetrieval="false"
          enablePasswordReset="true"
          requiresQuestionAndAnswer="true"
          passwordFormat="Hashed"
          applicationName="/" />
      </providers>
    </membership>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

The following code example shows the login page for an ASP.NET application that uses forms authentication and ASP.NET membership.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void Login_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
   if (Membership.ValidateUser(UsernameTextbox.Text, PasswordTextbox.Text))
      FormsAuthentication.RedirectFromLoginPage(UsernameTextbox.Text, NotPublicCheckBox.Checked);
   else
     Msg.Text = "Login failed. Please check your user name and password and try again.";
}


</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
  <title>Login</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Login</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /><br />
  Password: <asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="LoginButton" Text="Login" OnClick="Login_OnClick" runat="server" />
  <asp:CheckBox id="NotPublicCheckBox" runat="server" /> 
  Check here if this is <span style="text-decoration:underline">not</span> a public computer.

</form>

</body>
</html>

System.Object
  System.Web.Security.FormsAuthentication

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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