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DependentTransaction Class

Describes a clone of a transaction providing guarantee that the transaction cannot be committed until the application comes to rest regarding work on the transaction. This class cannot be inherited.

System.Object
  System.Transactions.Transaction
    System.Transactions.DependentTransaction

Namespace:  System.Transactions
Assembly:  System.Transactions (in System.Transactions.dll)
[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class DependentTransaction : Transaction

The DependentTransaction type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyIsolationLevelGets the isolation level of the transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public propertyTransactionInformationRetrieves additional information about a transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodCloneCreates a clone of the transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodCompleteAttempts to complete the dependent transaction.
Public methodDependentCloneCreates a dependent clone of the transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodDisposeReleases the resources that are held by the object. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEnlistDurable(Guid, IEnlistmentNotification, EnlistmentOptions)Enlists a durable resource manager that supports two phase commit to participate in a transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEnlistDurable(Guid, ISinglePhaseNotification, EnlistmentOptions)Enlists a durable resource manager that supports single phase commit optimization to participate in a transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEnlistPromotableSinglePhaseEnlists a resource manager that has an internal transaction using a promotable single phase enlistment (PSPE). (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEnlistVolatile(IEnlistmentNotification, EnlistmentOptions)Enlists a volatile resource manager that supports two phase commit to participate in a transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEnlistVolatile(ISinglePhaseNotification, EnlistmentOptions)Enlists a volatile resource manager that supports single phase commit optimization to participate in a transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodEqualsDetermines whether this transaction and the specified object are equal. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodRollback()Rolls back (aborts) the transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodRollback(Exception)Rolls back (aborts) the transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventTransactionCompletedIndicates that the transaction is completed. (Inherited from Transaction.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodISerializable.GetObjectDataGets a SerializationInfo with the data required to serialize this transaction. (Inherited from Transaction.)
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The DependentTransaction is a clone of a Transaction object created using the DependentClone method. Its sole purpose is to allow the application to come to rest and guarantee that the transaction cannot commit while work is still being performed on the transaction (for example, on a worker thread).

When the work done within the cloned transaction is finally complete and ready to be committed, it can inform the creator of the transaction using the Complete method. Thus you can preserve the consistency and correctness of data.

The DependentCloneOption enumeration is used to determine the behavior on commit. This behavior control allows an application to come to rest, as well as provides concurrency support. For more information on how this enumeration is used, see Managing Concurrency with DependentTransaction.

The following example shows you how to create a dependent transaction.

		static void Main(string[] args)
		{
			try
			{
				using (TransactionScope scope = new TransactionScope())
				{
					// Perform transactional work here. 

					//Queue work item
					ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(new WaitCallback(WorkerThread), Transaction.Current.DependentClone(DependentCloneOption.BlockCommitUntilComplete));

					//Display transaction information
					Console.WriteLine("Transaction information:");
					Console.WriteLine("ID:             {0}", Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation.LocalIdentifier);
					Console.WriteLine("status:         {0}", Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation.Status);
					Console.WriteLine("isolationlevel: {0}", Transaction.Current.IsolationLevel);

					//Call Complete on the TransactionScope based on console input
					ConsoleKeyInfo c;
					while (true)
					{
                        			Console.Write("Complete the transaction scope? [Y|N] ");
						c = Console.ReadKey();
						Console.WriteLine();

						if ((c.KeyChar == 'Y') || (c.KeyChar == 'y'))
						{
							//Call complete on the scope
							scope.Complete();
							break;
						}
						else if ((c.KeyChar == 'N') || (c.KeyChar == 'n'))
						{
							break;
						}
					}

				}
			}
			catch (System.Transactions.TransactionException ex)
			{
				Console.WriteLine(ex);
			}
			catch
			{
				Console.WriteLine("Cannot complete transaction");
				throw;
			}
			
		}

		private static void WorkerThread(object transaction)
		{
			//Create a DependentTransaction from the object passed to the WorkerThread
			DependentTransaction dTx = (DependentTransaction)transaction;

			//Sleep for 1 second to force the worker thread to delay
			Thread.Sleep(1000);

			//Pass the DependentTransaction to the scope, so that work done in the scope becomes part of the transaction passed to the worker thread 
			using (TransactionScope ts = new TransactionScope(dTx))
			{
				//Perform transactional work here. 

				//Call complete on the transaction scope
				ts.Complete();
			}

			//Call complete on the dependent transaction
			dTx.Complete();
		}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

This type is thread safe.

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