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IDbTransaction Interface

Represents a transaction to be performed at a data source, and is implemented by .NET Framework data providers that access relational databases.

For a list of all members of this type, see IDbTransaction Members.

System.IDisposable
   System.Data.IDbTransaction

[Visual Basic]
Public Interface IDbTransaction
   Inherits IDisposable
[C#]
public interface IDbTransaction : IDisposable
[C++]
public __gc __interface IDbTransaction : public IDisposable
[JScript]
public interface IDbTransaction implements IDisposable

Classes that Implement IDbTransaction

Class Description
OdbcTransaction Represents an SQL transaction to be made at a data source. This class cannot be inherited.
OleDbTransaction Represents an SQL transaction to be made at a data source. This class cannot be inherited.
OracleTransaction Represents a transaction to be made at a database. This class cannot be inherited.
SqlCeTransaction Represents an SQL transaction to be made at a data source. This class cannot be inherited.
SqlTransaction Represents a Transact-SQL transaction to be made in a SQL Server database. This class cannot be inherited.

Remarks

The IDbTransaction interface allows an inheriting class to implement a Transaction class, which represents the transaction to be performed at a data source. For more information about Transaction classes, see Performing Transactions. For more information about implementing .NET Framework data providers, see Implementing a .NET Framework Data Provider.

An application does not create an instance of the IDbTransaction interface directly, but creates an instance of a class that inherits IDbTransaction.

Classes that inherit IDbTransaction must implement the inherited members, and typically define additional members to add provider-specific functionality. For example, the IDbTransaction interface defines the Commit method. In turn, the OleDbTransaction class inherits this property, and also defines the Begin method.

Notes to Implementers:  To promote consistency among .NET Framework data providers, name the inheriting class in the form Prv Transaction where Prv is the uniform prefix given to all classes in a specific .NET Framework data provider namespace. For example, Sql is the prefix of the SqlTransaction class in the System.Data.SqlClient namespace.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example creates instances of the derived classes, SqlConnection and SqlTransaction. It also demonstrates how to use the BeginTransaction, Commit, and Rollback methods.

[Visual Basic] 
Public Sub RunSqlTransaction(myConnString As String)
    Dim myConnection As New SqlConnection(myConnString)
    myConnection.Open()
    
    Dim myCommand As SqlCommand = myConnection.CreateCommand()
    Dim myTrans As SqlTransaction
    
    ' Start a local transaction
    myTrans = myConnection.BeginTransaction()
    ' Must assign both transaction object and connection
    ' to Command object for a pending local transaction
    myCommand.Connection = myConnection
    myCommand.Transaction = myTrans
    
    Try
      myCommand.CommandText = "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')"
      myCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
      myCommand.CommandText = "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')"
      myCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
      myTrans.Commit()
      Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.")
    Catch e As Exception
      Try
        myTrans.Rollback()
      Catch ex As SqlException
        If Not myTrans.Connection Is Nothing Then
          Console.WriteLine("An exception of type " & ex.GetType().ToString() & _
                            " was encountered while attempting to roll back the transaction.")
        End If
      End Try
    
      Console.WriteLine("An exception of type " & e.GetType().ToString() & _
                      "was encountered while inserting the data.")
      Console.WriteLine("Neither record was written to database.")
    Finally
      myConnection.Close()
    End Try
End Sub 'RunSqlTransaction

[C#] 
public void RunSqlTransaction(string myConnString) 
 {
    SqlConnection myConnection = new SqlConnection(myConnString);
    myConnection.Open();

    SqlCommand myCommand = myConnection.CreateCommand();
    SqlTransaction myTrans;

    // Start a local transaction
    myTrans = myConnection.BeginTransaction();
    // Must assign both transaction object and connection
    // to Command object for a pending local transaction
    myCommand.Connection = myConnection;
    myCommand.Transaction = myTrans;

    try
    {
      myCommand.CommandText = "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
      myCommand.ExecuteNonQuery();
      myCommand.CommandText = "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
      myCommand.ExecuteNonQuery();
      myTrans.Commit();
      Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {
      try
      {
        myTrans.Rollback();
      }
      catch (SqlException ex)
      {
        if (myTrans.Connection != null)
        {
          Console.WriteLine("An exception of type " + ex.GetType() +
                            " was encountered while attempting to roll back the transaction.");
        }
      }
    
      Console.WriteLine("An exception of type " + e.GetType() +
                        " was encountered while inserting the data.");
      Console.WriteLine("Neither record was written to database.");
    }
    finally 
    {
      myConnection.Close();
    }
}

[C++] 
public:
void RunSqlTransaction(String* myConnString) 
 {
    SqlConnection* myConnection = new SqlConnection(myConnString);
    myConnection->Open();

    SqlCommand* myCommand = myConnection->CreateCommand();
    SqlTransaction* myTrans;

    // Start a local transaction
    myTrans = myConnection->BeginTransaction();
    // Must assign both transaction object and connection
    // to Command object for a pending local transaction
    myCommand->Connection = myConnection;
    myCommand->Transaction = myTrans;

    try
    {
      myCommand->CommandText = S"Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
      myCommand->ExecuteNonQuery();
      myCommand->CommandText = S"Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
      myCommand->ExecuteNonQuery();
      myTrans->Commit();
      Console::WriteLine(S"Both records are written to database.");
    }
    catch(Exception* e)
    {
      try
      {
        myTrans->Rollback();
      }
      catch (SqlException* ex)
      {
        if (myTrans->Connection != 0)
        {
          Console::WriteLine(S"An exception of type {0} was encountered while attempting to roll back the transaction.", ex->GetType());
        }
      }
    
      Console::WriteLine(S"An exception of type {0} was encountered while inserting the data.", e->GetType());
      Console::WriteLine(S"Neither record was written to database.");
    }
    __finally 
    {
      myConnection->Close();
    }
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Data

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

See Also

IDbTransaction Members | System.Data Namespace

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