setImmediate method

Requests that a function be called when current or pending tasks are complete, such as events or screen updates.

Internet Explorer 10

 

Syntax

var retVal = window.setImmediate(handler, arguments);

Parameters

handler [in]

Type: any

The function to be called.

arguments [in, optional]

Type: any

Arguments to be passed to the function.

retVal [out, retval]

Type: Integer

A handle to the request.

Return value

Type: Integer

A handle to the request.

Standards information

Remarks

JavaScript operations run in the same thread as events, display updates, and other additional tasks. As a result, extended JavaScript operations (such as functions containing many lines of code) prevent additional tasks from being handled. In turn, this makes an application appear to be unresponsive because events (such as onclick or onkeypress) are not handled and the screen is not updated until the extended operation completes.

The setImmediate method schedules the function specified in the handler parameter to run after the current script block completes. If additional actions are pending when the current script block completes, they are processed before the handler function is called. This effectively creates a yield between the current script block and the handler function.

If you break extended operations into separate functions, you can use setImmediate to call each function in sequence. When you do this, setImmediate allows additional tasks to complete before calling each function in the sequence. In turn, this enables the application to respond to user input and to handle additional tasks in a predictable and responsive fashion.

For more information, see the setImmediate TestDrive demo.

Note  

Some developers use setTimeout (or setInterval) to create events that accomplish similar results; however, there are subtle, but important differences between the two techniques.

The setTimeout method is restricted to 250 requests per second on most systems. This means that setTimeout(0, handler) waits roughly 4ms before executing, even if no additional actions are pending. In contrast, setImmediate yields between each request, no matter how many requests are waiting to processed. If no additional actions are pending, setImmediate calls the handler function immediately.

See also

window
clearImmediate
requestAnimationFrame

 

 

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