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How to: Resolve Concurrency Conflicts by Retaining Database Values (LINQ to SQL)

To reconcile differences between expected and actual database values before you try to resubmit your changes, you can use OverwriteCurrentValues to retain the values found in the database. The current values in the object model are then overwritten. For more information, see Optimistic Concurrency Overview (LINQ to SQL).

NoteNote

In all cases, the record on the client is first refreshed by retrieving the updated data from the database. This action makes sure that the next update try will not fail on the same concurrency checks.

In this scenario, a ChangeConflictException exception is thrown when User1 tries to submit changes, because User2 has in the meantime changed the Assistant and Department columns. The following table shows the situation.

 

Manager

Assistant

Department

Original database state when queried by User1 and User2.

Alfreds

Maria

Sales

User1 prepares to submit these changes.

Alfred

 

Marketing

User2 has already submitted these changes.

 

Mary

Service

User1 decides to resolve this conflict by having the newer database values overwrite the current values in the object model.

When User1 resolves the conflict by using OverwriteCurrentValues, the result in the database is as follows in the table:

 

Manager

Assistant

Department

New state after conflict resolution.

Alfreds

(original)

Mary

(from User2)

Service

(from User2)

The following example code shows how to overwrite current values in the object model with the database values. (No inspection or custom handling of individual member conflicts occurs.)


Northwnd db = new Northwnd("...");
try
{
    db.SubmitChanges(ConflictMode.ContinueOnConflict);
}

catch (ChangeConflictException e)
{
    Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
    foreach (ObjectChangeConflict occ in db.ChangeConflicts)
    {
        // All database values overwrite current values.
        occ.Resolve(RefreshMode.OverwriteCurrentValues);
    }
}


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