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UniqueConstraint Constructor (String, DataColumn[])

Initializes a new instance of the UniqueConstraint class with the specified name and array of DataColumn objects.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public UniqueConstraint(
	string name,
	DataColumn[] columns
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.String

The name of the constraint.

columns
Type: System.Data.DataColumn[]

The array of DataColumn objects to constrain.

The following example creates a DataTable with two columns, and adds a new UniqueConstraint to the ConstraintCollection.

static private void MakeTableWithUniqueConstraint()
{
    // Create a DataTable with 2 DataColumns.
    DataTable dataTable = new DataTable("dataTable");
    DataColumn idColumn = new DataColumn(
        "id", System.Type.GetType("System.Int32"));
    DataColumn nameColumn = new DataColumn(
        "Name", System.Type.GetType("System.String"));
    dataTable.Columns.Add(idColumn);
    dataTable.Columns.Add(nameColumn);

    // Run procedure to create a constraint.
    AddUniqueConstraint(dataTable);

    // Add one row to the table.
    DataRow dataRow;
    dataRow = dataTable.NewRow();
    dataRow["id"] = 1;
    dataRow["Name"] = "John";
    dataTable.Rows.Add(dataRow);

    // Display the constraint name. 
    Console.WriteLine(
        dataTable.Constraints[0].ConstraintName);

    // Try to add an identical row,  
    // which throws an exception. 
    try
    {
        dataRow = dataTable.NewRow();
        dataRow["id"] = 1;
        dataRow["Name"] = "John";
        dataTable.Rows.Add(dataRow);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Exception Type: {0}", ex.GetType());
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Exception Message: {0}", ex.Message);
    }
}
static private void AddUniqueConstraint(
    DataTable dataTable)
{
    // Create the DataColumn array.
    DataColumn[] dataColumns = new DataColumn[2];
    dataColumns[0] = dataTable.Columns["id"];
    dataColumns[1] = dataTable.Columns["Name"];

    // Create the constraint on both columns.
    UniqueConstraint uniqueConstraint =
        new UniqueConstraint("idNameConstraint", dataColumns);
    dataTable.Constraints.Add(uniqueConstraint);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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