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SqlBulkCopy Constructor (String)

Initializes and opens a new instance of SqlConnection based on the supplied connectionString. The constructor uses the SqlConnection to initialize a new instance of the SqlBulkCopy class.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public SqlBulkCopy(
	string connectionString
)

Parameters

connectionString
Type: System.String

The string defining the connection that will be opened for use by the SqlBulkCopy instance. If your connection string does not use Integrated Security = true, you can use SqlBulkCopy or SqlBulkCopy and SqlCredential to pass the user ID and password more securely than by specifying the user ID and password as text in the connection string.

The connection is automatically closed at the end of the bulk copy operation.

If connectionString is null, an ArgumentNullException is thrown. If connectionString is an empty string, an ArgumentException is thrown.

The following console application demonstrates how to bulk load data by using a connection specified as a string. The connection is automatically closed when the SqlBulkCopy instance is closed.

In this example, the source data is first read from a SQL Server table to a SqlDataReader instance. The source data does not have to be located on SQL Server; you can use any data source that can be read to an IDataReader or loaded to a DataTable.

Important noteImportant

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database. 
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Set up the bulk copy object using a connection string.  
            // In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move 
            // data from one table to the other in the same database. 
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy =
                       new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy 
                    // object is automatically closed at the end 
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination  
            // table to see how many rows were added. 
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code,  
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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