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MFC ActiveX Controls: Property Pages 

Property pages allow an ActiveX control user to view and change ActiveX control properties. These properties are accessed by invoking a control properties dialog box, which contains one or more property pages that provide a customized, graphical interface for viewing and editing the control properties.

ActiveX control property pages are displayed in two ways:

  • When the control's Properties verb (OLEIVERB_PROPERTIES) is invoked, the control opens a modal property dialog box that contains the control's property pages.

  • The container can display its own modeless dialog box that shows the property pages of the selected control.

The properties dialog box (illustrated in the following figure) consists of an area for displaying the current property page, tabs for switching between property pages, and a collection of buttons that perform common tasks such as closing the property page dialog, canceling any changes made, or immediately applying any changes to the ActiveX control.

Properties Dialog Box
Circ3 Properties Dialog Box

This article covers topics related to using property pages in an ActiveX control. These include:

For more information on using property pages in an ActiveX control, see the following articles:

For information on using property sheets in an MFC application other than an ActiveX control, see Property Sheets.

Implementing the Default Property Page

If you use the ActiveX Control Wizard to create your control project, the ActiveX Control Wizard provides a default property page class for the control derived from COlePropertyPage. Initially, this property page is blank, but you can add any dialog box control or set of controls to it. Because the ActiveX Control Wizard creates only one property page class by default, additional property page classes (also derived from COlePropertyPage) must be created using Class View. For more information on this procedure, see MFC ActiveX Controls: Adding Another Custom Property Page.

Implementing a property page (in this case, the default) is a three-step process:

To implement a property page

  1. Add a COlePropertyPage-derived class to the control project. If the project was created using the ActiveX Control Wizard (as in this case), the default property page class already exists.

  2. Use the dialog editor to add any controls to the property page template.

  3. Customize the DoDataExchange function of the COlePropertyPage-derived class to exchange values between the property page control and the ActiveX control.

For example purposes, the following procedures use a simple control (named "Sample"). Sample was created using the ActiveX Control Wizard and contains only the stock Caption property.

Adding Controls to a Property Page

To add controls to a property page

  1. With your control project open, open Resource View.

  2. Double-click the Dialog directory icon.

  3. Open the IDD_PROPPAGE_SAMPLE dialog box.

    The ActiveX Control Wizard appends the name of the project to the end of the dialog ID, in this case, Sample.

  4. Drag and drop the selected control from the Toolbox onto the dialog box area.

  5. For this example, a text label control "Caption :" and an edit box control with an IDC_CAPTION identifier are sufficient.

  6. Click Save on the Toolbar to save your changes.

Now that the user interface has been modified, you need to link the edit box with the Caption property. This is done in the following section by editing the CSamplePropPage::DoDataExchange function.

Customizing the DoDataExchange Function

Your property page DoDataExchange function allows you to link property page values with the actual values of properties in the control. To establish links, you must map the appropriate property page fields to their respective control properties.

These mappings are implemented using the property page DDP_ functions. The DDP_ functions work like the DDX_ functions used in standard MFC dialogs, with one exception. In addition to the reference to a member variable, DDP_ functions take the name of the control property. The following is a typical entry in the DoDataExchange function for a property page.

DDP_Text(pDX, IDC_CAPTION, m_caption, _T("Caption"));

This function associates the property page's m_caption member variable with the Caption, using the DDP_TEXT function.

After you have the property page control inserted, you need to establish a link between the property page control, IDC_CAPTION, and the actual control property, Caption, using the DDP_Text function as described above.

DDP functions are available for other dialog control types, such as check boxes, radio buttons, and list boxes. The table below lists the entire set of property page DDP_ functions and their purposes:

Property Page Functions
Function name Use this function to link

DDP_CBIndex

The selected string's index in a combo box with a control property.

DDP_CBString

The selected string in a combo box with a control property. The selected string can begin with the same letters as the property's value but need not match it fully.

DDP_CBStringExact

The selected string in a combo box with a control property. The selected string and the property's string value must match exactly.

DDP_Check

A check box with a control property.

DDP_LBIndex

The selected string's index in a list box with a control property.

DDP_LBString

The selected string in a list box with a control property. The selected string can begin with the same letters as the property's value but need not match it fully.

DDP_LBStringExact

The selected string in a list box with a control property. The selected string and the property's string value must match exactly.

DDP_Radio

A radio button with a control property.

DDP_Text

Text with a control property.

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