Export (0) Print
Expand All
abs
Expand Minimize

find

Illustrates how to use the find Standard Template Library (STL) function in Visual C++.

template<class InputIterator, class T> inline
   InputIterator find(
      InputIterator First,
      InputIterator Last,
      const T& Value
   )
Note   The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

Remarks

The find algorithm locates the first element in the range [First, Last) that matches Value and returns the iterator positioned at the first matching element, or Last + 1 if no such element exists.

Example

// find.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 characters,
// okay to ignore
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
    const int ARRAY_SIZE = 8 ;
    int IntArray[ARRAY_SIZE] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7 } ;

    int *location ;   // stores the position of the first
                      // matching element.

    int i ;

    int value = 4 ;

    // print content of IntArray
    cout << "IntArray { " ;
    for(i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
        cout << IntArray[i] << ", " ;
    cout << " }" << endl ;

    // Find the first element in the range [first, last + 1)
    // that matches value.
    location = find(IntArray, IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE, value) ;

    //print the matching element if any was found
    if (location != IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE)  // matching element found
        cout << "First element that matches " << value
             << " is at location " << location - IntArray << endl;
    else                                    // no matching element was
                                            // found
        cout << "The sequence does not contain any elements"
             << " with value " << value << endl ;
}

Output

IntArray { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7,  }
First element that matches 4 is at location 3

Requirements

Header: <algorithm>

See Also

Standard Template Library Samples

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft