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Recordset: Fetching Records in Bulk (ODBC)

This article applies to the MFC ODBC classes. For information about DAO recordsets, see the article DAO Recordset.

Class CRecordset provides support for bulk row fetching, which means that multiple records can be retrieved at once during a single fetch, rather than retrieving one record at a time from the data source. You can implement bulk row fetching only in a derived CRecordset class. The process of transferring data from the data source to the recordset object is called bulk record field exchange (Bulk RFX). Note that if you are not using bulk row fetching in a CRecordset-derived class, then data is transferred via record field exchange (RFX). For more information, see the article Record Field Exchange (RFX).

This article explains:

How CRecordset Supports Bulk Row Fetching

Before opening your recordset object, you can define a rowset size with the SetRowsetSize member function. The rowset size specifies how many records should be retrieved during a single fetch. When bulk row fetching is implemented, the default rowset size is 25. Note that if bulk row fetching is not implemented, the rowset size remains fixed at 1.

After you have initialized the rowset size, call the Open member function. Here you must specify the CRecordset::useMultiRowFetch option of the dwOptions parameter in order to implement bulk row fetching. You can additionally set the CRecordset::userAllocMultiRowBuffers option. The bulk record field exchange mechanism uses arrays to store the multiple rows of data retrieved during a fetch. These storage buffers can be allocated automatically by the framework, or you can allocate them manually. Specifying the CRecordset::userAllocMultiRowBuffers option means that you will do the allocation.

The following table lists the member functions provided by CRecordset to support bulk row fetching.

Member function Description
CheckRowsetError Virtual function that handles any errors that occur during fetching.
DoBulkFieldExchange Implements bulk record field exchange. Called automatically to transfers multiple rows of data from the data source to the recordset object.
GetRowsetSize Retrieves the current setting for the rowset size.
GetRowsFetched Tells how many rows were actually retrieved after a given fetch. In most cases, this will be the rowset size, unless an incomplete rowset was fetched.
GetRowStatus Returns a fetch status for a particular row within a rowset.
RefreshRowset Refreshes the data and status of a particular row within a rowset.
SetRowsetCursorPosition Moves the cursor to a particular row within a rowset.
SetRowsetSize Virtual function that changes the setting for the rowset size to the specified value.

Special Considerations

Although bulk row fetching is a performance gain, certain features operate differently. Before you decide to implement bulk row fetching, consider the following:

  • The framework will automatically call the DoBulkFieldExchange member function to transfer data from the data source to the recordset object. However, data is not transferred from the recordset back to the data source. Calling the AddNew, Edit, Delete, or Update member functions will result in a failed assertion. Although CRecordset currently does not provide a mechanism for updating bulk rows of data, you can write your own functions by using the ODBC API function SQLSetPos. For an example of how to do this, see the sample DBFETCH. For more information about SQLSetPos, see the ODBC SDK Programmer's Reference in the MSDN documentation.
  • The member functions IsDeleted, IsFieldDirty, IsFieldNull, IsFieldNullable, SetFieldDirty, and SetFieldNull cannot be used on recordsets that implement bulk row fetching. However, you can call GetRowStatus in place of IsDeleted, and GetODBCFieldInfo in place of IsFieldNullable.
  • The Move operations will reposition your recordset by rowset. For example, suppose you open a recordset that has 100 records with an initial rowset size of 10. Open will fetch rows 1 through 10, with the current record positioned on row 1. A call to MoveNext will fetch the next rowset, not the next row. This rowset will consist of rows 11 through 20, with the current record positioned on row 11. Note that MoveNext and Move( 1 ) are not equivalent when bulk row fetching is implemented. Move( 1 ) will fetch the rowset that begins 1 row from the current record. In this example, calling Move( 1 ) after calling Open will fetch the rowset consisting of rows 2 through 11, with the current record positioned on row 2. For more information, see the Move member function.
  • Unlike record field exchange, the wizards do not support bulk record field exchange. This means that you must manually declare your field data members as well as manually override DoBulkFieldExchange by writing calls to the Bulk RFX functions. For more information, see the topic Record Field Exchange Functions in the Class Library Reference.

How to Implement Bulk Record Field Exchange

Bulk record field exchange transfers a rowset of data from the data source to the recordset object. The Bulk RFX functions use arrays to store this data, as well as arrays to store the length of each data item in the rowset. In your class definition, you must define your field data members as pointers in order to access the arrays of data. In addition, you must define a set of pointers to access the arrays of lengths. Any parameter data members should not be declared as pointers; declaring parameter data members when using bulk record field exchange is the same as declaring them when using record field exchange. The following code shows a simple example:

class MultiRowSet : public CRecordset
{
public:
   // Field/Param Data
      // field data members
      long* m_rgID;
      LPSTR m_rgName;

      // pointers for the lengths
      // of the field data
      long* m_rgIDLengths;
      long* m_rgNameLengths;

      // input parameter data member
      CString m_strNameParam;

   .
   .
   .
}

You can either allocate these storage buffers manually or you can have the framework do the allocation. To allocate the buffers yourself, you must specify the CRecordset::userAllocMultiRowBuffers option of the dwOptions parameter in the Open member function. Be sure to set the sizes of the arrays at least equal to the rowset size. If you wish to have the framework do the allocation, you should initialize your pointers to NULL. This is typically done in the recordset object's constructor:

MultiRowSet::MultiRowSet( CDatabase* pDB )
   : CRecordset( pDB )
{
   m_rgID = NULL;
   m_rgName = NULL;
   m_rgIDLengths = NULL;
   m_rgNameLengths = NULL;
   m_strNameParam = "";

   m_nFields = 2;
   m_nParams = 1;

   .
   .
   .
}

Finally, you must override the DoBulkFieldExchange member function. For the field data members, call the Bulk RFX functions; for any parameter data members, call the RFX functions. If you opened the recordset by passing a SQL statement or stored procedure to Open, then the order in which you make the Bulk RFX calls must correspond to the order of the columns in the recordset; similarly, the order of the RFX calls for parameters must correspond to the order of parameters in the SQL statement or stored procedure.

void MultiRowSet::DoBulkFieldExchange( CFieldExchange* pFX )
{
   // call the Bulk RFX functions
   // for field data members
   pFX->SetFieldType( CFieldExchange::outputColumn );
   RFX_Long_Bulk( pFX, _T( "[colRecID]" ),
                  &m_rgID, &m_rgIDLengths );
   RFX_Text_Bulk( pFX, _T( "[colName]" ),
                  &m_rgName, &m_rgNameLengths, 30 );


   // call the RFX functions for
   // for parameter data members
   pFX->SetFieldType( CFieldExchange::inputParam );
   RFX_Text( pFX, "NameParam", m_strNameParam );
}
Note   You must call the Close member function before your derived CRecordset class goes out of scope. This ensures that any memory allocated by the framework will be freed. Note that it is good programming practice to always explicitly call Close, regardless of whether you have implemented bulk row fetching.

For an additional example of implementing bulk record field exchange, see the MFC sample DBFETCH. For more information about record field exchange (RFX), see the article Record Field Exchange: How RFX Works. For more information about using parameters, see CFieldExchange::SetFieldType and the article Recordset: Parameterizing a Recordset (ODBC).

See Also

Recordset (ODBC) | CRecordset::m_nFields | CRecordset::m_nParams

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