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Handles Clause (Visual Basic)

Updated: June 2011

Declares that a procedure handles a specified event.

proceduredeclaration Handles eventlist

proceduredeclaration

The Sub procedure declaration for the procedure that will handle the event.

eventlist

List of the events for proceduredeclaration to handle, separated by commas. The events must be raised by either the base class for the current class, or by an object declared using the WithEvents keyword.

Use the Handles keyword at the end of a procedure declaration to cause it to handle events raised by an object variable declared using the WithEvents keyword. The Handles keyword can also be used in a derived class to handle events from a base class.

The signature of the procedure must match the signatures of each event in eventlist.

The Handles keyword and the AddHandler statement both allow you to specify that particular procedures handle particular events, but there are differences. Use the Handles keyword when defining a procedure to specify that it handles a particular event. The AddHandler statement connects procedures to events at run time. For more information, see AddHandler Statement.

For custom events, the application invokes the event's AddHandler accessor when it adds the procedure as an event handler. For more information on custom events, see Event Statement.


Public Class ContainerClass
    ' Module or class level declaration.
    WithEvents Obj As New Class1

    Public Class Class1
        ' Declare an event.
        Public Event Ev_Event()
        Sub CauseSomeEvent()
            ' Raise an event.
            RaiseEvent Ev_Event()
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub EventHandler() Handles Obj.Ev_Event
        ' Handle the event.
        MsgBox("EventHandler caught event.")
    End Sub

    ' Call the TestEvents procedure from an instance of the ContainerClass 
    ' class to test the Ev_Event event and the event handler.
    Public Sub TestEvents()
        Obj.CauseSomeEvent()
    End Sub
End Class


The following example demonstrates how a derived class can use the Handles statement to handle an event from a base class.


Public Class BaseClass
    ' Declare an event.
    Event Ev1()
End Class
Class DerivedClass
    Inherits BaseClass
    Sub TestEvents() Handles MyBase.Ev1
        ' Add code to handle this event.
    End Sub
End Class


The following example contains two button event handlers for a WPF Application project.


Private Sub Button1_Click(sender As System.Object, e As System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
    MessageBox.Show(sender.Name & " clicked")
End Sub

Private Sub Button2_Click(sender As System.Object, e As System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs) Handles Button2.Click
    MessageBox.Show(sender.Name & " clicked")
End Sub


The following example is equivalent to the previous example. The eventlist in the Handles clause contains the events for both buttons.


Private Sub Button_Click(sender As System.Object, e As System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs) Handles Button1.Click, Button2.Click
    MessageBox.Show(sender.Name & " clicked")
End Sub


Date

History

Reason

June 2011

Modified the eventlist description and added two examples.

Customer feedback.

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