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A.17 Using Nestable Locks

The following example (for Section 3.2 on page 41) demonstrates how a nestable lock can be used to synchronize updates both to a whole structure and to one of its members.

#include <omp.h>
typedef struct {int a,b; omp_nest_lock_t lck;} pair;

void incr_a(pair *p, int a)
{
    // Called only from incr_pair, no need to lock.
    p->a += a;
}

void incr_b(pair *p, int b)
{
    // Called both from incr_pair and elsewhere,
    // so need a nestable lock.

    omp_set_nest_lock(&p->lck);
    p->b += b;
    omp_unset_nest_lock(&p->lck);
}

void incr_pair(pair *p, int a, int b)
{
    omp_set_nest_lock(&p->lck);
    incr_a(p, a);
    incr_b(p, b);
    omp_unset_nest_lock(&p->lck);
}

void f(pair *p)
{
    extern int work1(), work2(), work3();
    #pragma omp parallel sections
    {
        #pragma omp section
            incr_pair(p, work1(), work2());
        #pragma omp section
            incr_b(p, work3());
    }
}

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