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<ios>

Defines several types and functions basic to the operation of iostreams. This header is typically included for you by another iostream headers; you rarely include it directly.

#include <ios>

A large group of functions are manipulators. A manipulator declared in <ios> alters the values stored in its argument object of class ios_base. Other manipulators perform actions on streams controlled by objects of a type derived from this class, such as a specialization of one of the template classes basic_istream or basic_ostream. For example, noskipws(str) clears the format flag ios_base::skipws in the object str, which can be of one of these types.

You can also call a manipulator by inserting it into an output stream or extracting it from an input stream, because of special insertion and extraction operations supplied for the classes derived from ios_base. For example:

istr >> noskipws;

calls noskipws(istr).

ios

Supports the ios class from the old iostream library.

streamoff

Supports internal operations.

streampos

Holds the current position of the buffer pointer or file pointer.

streamsize

Specifies the size of the stream.

wios

Supports the wios class from the old iostream library.

wstreampos

Holds the current position of the buffer pointer or file pointer.

boolalpha

Specifies that variables of type bool appear as true or false in the stream.

dec

Specifies that integer variables appear in base 10 notation.

defaultfloat

Configures the flags of an ios_base object to use a default display format for float values.

fixed

Specifies that a floating-point number is displayed in fixed-decimal notation.

hex

Specifies that integer variables appear in base 16 notation.

internal

Causes a number's sign to be left justified and the number to be right justified.

left

Causes text that is not as wide as the output width to appear in the stream flush with the left margin.

noboolalpha

Specifies that variables of type bool appear as 1 or 0 in the stream.

noshowbase

Turns off indicating the notational base in which a number is displayed.

noshowpoint

Displays only the whole-number part of floating-point numbers whose fractional part is zero.

noshowpos

Causes positive numbers to not be explicitly signed.

noskipws

Cause spaces to be read by the input stream.

nounitbuf

Causes output to be buffered and processed when the buffer is full.

nouppercase

Specifies that hexadecimal digits and the exponent in scientific notation appear in lowercase.

oct

Specifies that integer variables appear in base 8 notation.

right

Causes text that is not as wide as the output width to appear in the stream flush with the right margin.

scientific

Causes floating point numbers to be displayed using scientific notation.

showbase

Indicates the notational base in which a number is displayed.

showpoint

Displays the whole-number part of a floating-point number and digits to the right of the decimal point even when the fractional part is zero.

showpos

Causes positive numbers to be explicitly signed.

skipws

Cause spaces to not be read by the input stream.

unitbuf

Causes output to be processed when the buffer is not empty.

uppercase

Specifies that hexadecimal digits and the exponent in scientific notation appear in uppercase.

basic_ios

The template class describes the storage and member functions common to both input streams (of template class basic_istream) and output streams (of template class basic_ostream) that depend on the template parameters.

fpos

The template class describes an object that can store all the information needed to restore an arbitrary file-position indicator within any stream.

ios_base

The class describes the storage and member functions common to both input and output streams that do not depend on the template parameters.

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