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SoapElementAttribute Class

Specifies that the public member value be serialized by the XmlSerializer as an encoded SOAP XML element.

For a list of all members of this type, see SoapElementAttribute Members.

System.Object
   System.Attribute
      System.Xml.Serialization.SoapElementAttribute

[Visual Basic]
<AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property Or AttributeTargets.Field _
   Or AttributeTargets.Parameter Or AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)>
Public Class SoapElementAttribute
   Inherits Attribute
[C#]
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property | AttributeTargets.Field
   | AttributeTargets.Parameter | AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class SoapElementAttribute : Attribute
[C++]
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets::Property |
   AttributeTargets::Field | AttributeTargets::Parameter |
   AttributeTargets::ReturnValue)]
public __gc class SoapElementAttribute : public Attribute
[JScript]
public
   AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property | AttributeTargets.Field |
   AttributeTargets.Parameter | AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)
class SoapElementAttribute extends Attribute

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Remarks

The SoapElementAttribute class belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes, or deserializes, an object as encoded SOAP XML. The resulting XML conforms to section 5 of the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document, "Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) 1.1". For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control Encoded SOAP Serialization.

To serialize an object as an encoded SOAP message, you must construct the XmlSerializer using an XmlTypeMapping created with the ImportTypeMapping method of the SoapReflectionImporter class.

Apply the SoapElementAttribute to a public field to direct the XmlSerializer to serialize the field as an encoded SOAP XML element. You can specify an alternative name for the attribute by setting the AttributeName property. Set the DataType property if the attribute must be given a specific XML schema definition (XSD) data type. If the attribute belongs to a specific XML namespace, set the Namespace property.

For more information about using attributes, see Extending Metadata Using Attributes.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example serializes an instance of a class named Transportation that contains a field named Vehicle. A SoapElementAttribute is applied to the field. When the field is serialized, the XML element name is "Wheels" instead of "Vehicle". The SerializeOverride method creates a SoapElementAttribute and sets the SoapElement property of a SoapAttributes to the SoapElementAttribute. The SoapAttributes is added to a SoapAttributeOverrides that is used to create an XmlTypeMapping. An XmlSerializer is constructed with the XmlTypeMapping, and an instance of the Transportation class is again serialized. Because the SoapElementAttribute is used to override the serialization, the generated XML element name is now "Truck" instead of "Wheels".

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Text
Public Class Transportation
   ' The SoapElementAttribute specifies that the
   ' generated XML element name will be "Wheels"
   ' instead of "Vehicle".
   <SoapElement("Wheels")> Public Vehicle As String 
   <SoapElement(DataType:= "dateTime")> _
   public CreationDate As DateTime    
   <SoapElement(IsNullable:= true)> _
   public thing As Thing
End Class

Public Class Thing
   <SoapElement(IsNullable:=true)> public ThingName As string 
End Class

Public Class Test

   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeObject("SoapElementOriginalVb.xml")
      t.SerializeOverride("SoapElementOverrideVb.xml")
      Console.WriteLine("Finished writing two XML files.")
   End Sub

   ' Return an XmlSerializer used for overriding.
   Public Function CreateSoapOverrider() As XmlSerializer 
      ' Create the SoapAttributes and SoapAttributeOverrides objects.
      Dim soapAttrs As SoapAttributes = New SoapAttributes()

      Dim soapOverrides As SoapAttributeOverrides = _
      New SoapAttributeOverrides()
            
      ' Create a SoapElementAttribute to override 
      ' the Vehicles property. 
      Dim soapElement1 As SoapElementAttribute = _
      New SoapElementAttribute("Truck")
      ' Set the SoapElement to the object.
      soapAttrs.SoapElement= soapElement1

      ' Add the SoapAttributes to the SoapAttributeOverrides,
      ' specifying the member to override. 
      soapOverrides.Add(GetType(Transportation), "Vehicle", soapAttrs)
      
      ' Create the XmlSerializer, and return it.
      Dim myTypeMapping As XmlTypeMapping = (New _
      SoapReflectionImporter (soapOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping _
      (GetType(Transportation))
      return New XmlSerializer(myTypeMapping)
   End Function

   Public Sub SerializeOverride(filename As String)
      ' Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = CreateSoapOverrider()

      ' Create the object and serialize it.
      Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
      New Transportation()

      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar"
      myTransportation.CreationDate = DateTime.Now
      myTransportation.thing= new Thing()
      
      Dim writer As XmlTextWriter = _
      New XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8)
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper")
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation)
      writer.WriteEndElement()
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Public Sub SerializeObject(filename As String)
      ' Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = _
      New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
      
      Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
      New Transportation()
      
      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar"
      myTransportation.CreationDate=DateTime.Now
      myTransportation.thing= new Thing()

      Dim writer As XmlTextWriter = _
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8)
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper")
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation)
      writer.WriteEndElement()
      writer.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

[C#] 
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Collections;
using System.Xml;
using System.Text;
public class Transportation
{
   // The SoapElementAttribute specifies that the
   // generated XML element name will be "Wheels"
   // instead of "Vehicle".
   [SoapElement("Wheels")]
   public string Vehicle;
   [SoapElement(DataType = "dateTime")]
   public DateTime CreationDate;
   [SoapElement(IsNullable = true)]
   public Thing thing;
   
}

public class Thing{ 
   [SoapElement(IsNullable=true)] public string ThingName;
}

public class Test
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeObject("SoapElementOriginal.xml");
      t.SerializeOverride("SoapElementOverride.xml");
      Console.WriteLine("Finished writing two XML files.");
   }

   // Return an XmlSerializer used for overriding.
   public XmlSerializer CreateSoapOverrider()
   {
      // Create the SoapAttributes and SoapAttributeOverrides objects.
      SoapAttributes soapAttrs = new SoapAttributes();

      SoapAttributeOverrides soapOverrides = 
      new SoapAttributeOverrides();
            
      /* Create an SoapElementAttribute to override 
      the Vehicles property. */
      SoapElementAttribute soapElement1 = 
      new SoapElementAttribute("Truck");
      // Set the SoapElement to the object.
      soapAttrs.SoapElement= soapElement1;

      /* Add the SoapAttributes to the SoapAttributeOverrides,
      specifying the member to override. */
      soapOverrides.Add(typeof(Transportation), "Vehicle", soapAttrs);
      
      // Create the XmlSerializer, and return it.
      XmlTypeMapping myTypeMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter
      (soapOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Transportation));
      return new XmlSerializer(myTypeMapping);
   }

   public void SerializeOverride(string filename)
   {
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer ser = CreateSoapOverrider();

      // Create the object and serialize it.
      Transportation myTransportation = 
      new Transportation();

      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar";
      myTransportation.CreationDate=DateTime.Now;
      myTransportation.thing = new Thing();

      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }
   public void SerializeObject(string filename){
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      Transportation myTransportation = 
      new Transportation();
      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar";
      myTransportation.CreationDate = DateTime.Now;
      myTransportation.thing = new Thing();
      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Text;

__gc public class Thing
{
public:
   [SoapElement(IsNullable=true)] 
   String* ThingName;
};

__gc public class Transportation
{
   // The SoapElementAttribute specifies that the
   // generated XML element name will be S"Wheels"
   // instead of S"Vehicle".
public:
   [SoapElement(S"Wheels")]
   String* Vehicle;

   [SoapElement(DataType = S"dateTime")]
   DateTime CreationDate;

   [SoapElement(IsNullable = true)]
   Thing * thing;
};

__gc public class Test
{
   // Return an XmlSerializer used for overriding.
public:
   XmlSerializer * CreateSoapOverrider() 
   {
      // Create the SoapAttributes and SoapAttributeOverrides objects.
      SoapAttributes* soapAttrs = new SoapAttributes();

      SoapAttributeOverrides* soapOverrides = new SoapAttributeOverrides();

      // Create an SoapElementAttribute to the Vehicles property.
      SoapElementAttribute* soapElement1 = new SoapElementAttribute(S"Truck");

      // Set the SoapElement to the Object*.
      soapAttrs -> SoapElement= soapElement1;

      // Add the SoapAttributes to the SoapAttributeOverrides,specifying the member to.
      soapOverrides -> Add(__typeof(Transportation), S"Vehicle", soapAttrs);

      // Create the XmlSerializer, and return it.
      XmlTypeMapping * myTypeMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter
         (soapOverrides)) -> ImportTypeMapping(__typeof(Transportation));
      return new XmlSerializer(myTypeMapping);
   }

   void SerializeOverride(String* filename) 
   {
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer * ser = CreateSoapOverrider();

      // Create the Object* and serialize it.
      Transportation* myTransportation = new Transportation();

      myTransportation -> Vehicle = S"MyCar";
      myTransportation -> CreationDate=DateTime::Now;
      myTransportation -> thing = new Thing();

      XmlTextWriter* writer = new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding::UTF8);
      writer -> Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      writer -> WriteStartElement(S"wrapper");
      ser -> Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer -> WriteEndElement();
      writer -> Close();
   }

   void SerializeObject(String* filename) 
   {
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer* ser = new XmlSerializer(__typeof(Transportation));
      Transportation* myTransportation = new Transportation();
      myTransportation -> Vehicle = S"MyCar";
      myTransportation -> CreationDate = DateTime::Now;
      myTransportation -> thing = new Thing();
      XmlTextWriter* writer = new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding::UTF8);
      writer -> Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      writer -> WriteStartElement(S"wrapper");
      ser -> Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer -> WriteEndElement();
      writer -> Close();
   }
};

int main() 
{
   Test* t = new Test();
   t -> SerializeObject(S"SoapElementOriginal.xml");
   t -> SerializeOverride(S"SoapElementOverride.xml");
   Console::WriteLine(S"Finished writing two XML files.");
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Xml.Serialization

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

See Also

SoapElementAttribute Members | System.Xml.Serialization Namespace

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