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byte

The byte keyword denotes an integral type that stores values as indicated in the following table.

Type Range Size .NET Framework type
byte 0 to 255 Unsigned 8-bit integer System.Byte

Literals

You can declare and initialize a byte variable like this example:

byte myByte = 255;

In the preceding declaration, the integer literal 255 is implicitly converted from int to byte. If the integer literal exceeds the range of byte, a compilation error will occur.

Conversions

There is a predefined implicit conversion from byte to short, ushort, int, uint, long, ulong, float, double, or decimal.

You cannot implicitly convert nonliteral numeric types of larger storage size to byte (see Integral Types Table for the storage sizes of integral types). Consider, for example, the following two byte variables x and y:

byte x = 10, y = 20;

The following assignment statement will produce a compilation error, because the arithmetic expression on the right-hand side of the assignment operator evaluates to int by default.

byte z = x + y;   // Error: conversion from int to byte

To fix this problem, use a cast:

byte z = (byte)(x + y);   // OK: explicit conversion

It is possible though to use the following statements, where the destination variable has the same storage size or a larger storage size:

int x = 10, y = 20;
int m = x + y;
long n = x + y;

Also, there is no implicit conversion from floating-point types to byte. For example, the following statement generates a compiler error unless an explicit cast is used:

byte x = 3.0;         // Error: no implicit conversion from double
byte y = (byte)3.0;   // OK: explicit conversion

When calling overloaded methods, a cast must be used. Consider, for example, the following overloaded methods that use byte and int parameters:

public static void MyMethod(int i) {}
public static void MyMethod(byte b) {}

Using the byte cast guarantees that the correct type is called, for example:

MyMethod(5);        // Calling the method with the int parameter
MyMethod((byte)5);  // Calling the method with the byte parameter

For information on arithmetic expressions with mixed floating-point types and integral types, see float and double.

For more information on implicit numeric conversion rules, see the Implicit Numeric Conversions Table.

See Also

C# Keywords | Integral Types Table | Built-in Types Table | Implicit Numeric Conversions Table | Explicit Numeric Conversions Table | Byte Structure

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