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Array.AsReadOnly Generic Method

Returns a read-only wrapper for the specified array.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static ReadOnlyCollection<T> AsReadOnly<T> (
	T[] array
)
J# supports the use of generic types and methods, but not the declaration of new ones.
JScript does not support generic types and methods.
Not applicable.

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array

The one-dimensional, zero-based array to wrap in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection wrapper.

Return Value

A read-only ReadOnlyCollection wrapper for the specified array.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

array is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

To prevent any modifications to the array, expose the array only through this wrapper.

A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

This method is an O(1) operation.

The following example wraps an array in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox" };
 
      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The string array initially contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
      IList<String> myList = Array.AsReadOnly( myArr );
      
      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

      // Attempt to change a value through the wrapper.
      try  {
         myList[3] = "CAT";
      }
      catch ( NotSupportedException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "{0} - {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message );
         Console.WriteLine();
      }

      // Change a value in the original array.
      myArr[2] = "RED";

      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IList<String> myList )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

The read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.

After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

*/


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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