Export (0) Print
Expand All

Array.AsReadOnly Generic Method

Note: This method is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Returns a read-only wrapper for the specified array.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Function AsReadOnly(Of T) ( _
	array As T() _
) As ReadOnlyCollection(Of T)
'Usage
Dim array As T()
Dim returnValue As ReadOnlyCollection(Of T)

returnValue = Array.AsReadOnly(array)
J# supports the use of generic types and methods, but not the declaration of new ones.
JScript does not support generic types and methods.

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array

The one-dimensional, zero-based array to wrap in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection wrapper.

Return Value

A read-only ReadOnlyCollection wrapper for the specified array.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

array is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

To prevent any modifications to the array, expose the array only through this wrapper.

A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

This method is an O(1) operation.

The following example wraps an array in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox"}

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The string array initially contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
        Dim myList As IList(Of String) = Array.AsReadOnly(myArr) '

        ' Display the values of the read-only IList.
        Console.WriteLine("The read-only IList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myList)

        ' Attempt to change a value through the wrapper.
        Try
            myList(3) = "CAT"
        Catch e As NotSupportedException
            Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message)
            Console.WriteLine()
        End Try

        ' Change a value in the original array.
        myArr(2) = "RED"

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Display the values of the read-only IList.
        Console.WriteLine("After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myList)

    End Sub 'Main

    Overloads Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr() As String)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndValues

    Overloads Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IList(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myList(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndValues 

End Class 'SamplesArray


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The string array initially contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'
'The read-only IList contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'
'System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.
'
'After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : RED
'   [3] : fox
'
'After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : RED
'   [3] : fox


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft