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How to: Add or Remove Access Control List Entries

To add or remove Access Control List (ACL) entries to or from a file, the FileSecurity or DirectorySecurity object must be obtained from the file or directory, modified, and then applied back to the file or directory.

To add or remove an ACL entry from a File

  1. Call the GetAccessControl method to get a FileSecurity object that contains the current ACL entries of a file.

  2. Add or remove ACL entries from the FileSecurity object returned from step 1.

  3. Pass the FileSecurity object to the SetAccessControl method to apply the changes.

To add or remove an ACL entry from a Directory

  1. Call the GetAccessControl method to get a DirectorySecurity object that contains the current ACL entries of a directory.

  2. Add or remove ACL entries from the DirectorySecurity object returned from step 1.

  3. Pass the DirectorySecurity object to the SetAccessControl method to apply the changes.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

namespace FileSystemExample
{
    class FileExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                string fileName = "test.xml";

                Console.WriteLine("Adding access control entry for "
                    + fileName);

                // Add the access control entry to the file.
                AddFileSecurity(fileName, @"DomainName\AccountName",
                    FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Removing access control entry from "
                    + fileName);

                // Remove the access control entry from the file.
                RemoveFileSecurity(fileName, @"DomainName\AccountName",
                    FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Done.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }
        }

        // Adds an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account. 
        public static void AddFileSecurity(string fileName, string account,
            FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
        {


            // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
            // current security settings.
            FileSecurity fSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName);

            // Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings.
            fSecurity.AddAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(account,
                rights, controlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);

        }

        // Removes an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account. 
        public static void RemoveFileSecurity(string fileName, string account,
            FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
        {

            // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
            // current security settings.
            FileSecurity fSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName);

            // Remove the FileSystemAccessRule from the security settings.
            fSecurity.RemoveAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(account,
                rights, controlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);

        }
    }
}

You must supply a valid user or group account to run this example. This example uses a File object; however, the same procedure is used for the FileInfo, Directory, and DirectoryInfo classes.

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