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hash_map::find

Note Note

This API is obsolete. The alternative is unordered_map Class.

Returns an iterator addressing the location of an element in a hash_map that has a key equivalent to a specified key.

iterator find( 
   const Key& _Key 
); 
const_iterator find( 
   const Key& _Key 
) const;

_Key

The key value to be matched by the sort key of an element from the hash_map being searched.

An iterator that addresses the location of an element with a specified key, or the location succeeding the last element in the hash_map if no match is found for the key.

find returns an iterator that addresses an element in the hash_map whose sort key is equivalent to the argument key under a binary predicate that induces an ordering based on a less than comparability relation.

If the return value of find is assigned to a const_iterator, the hash_map object cannot be modified. If the return value of find is assigned to an iterator, the hash_map object can be modified

In Visual C++ .NET 2003, members of the <hash_map> and <hash_set> header files are no longer in the std namespace, but rather have been moved into the stdext namespace. See The stdext Namespace for more information.

// hash_map_find.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <hash_map>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;
   using namespace stdext;
   hash_map <int, int> hm1;
   hash_map <int, int> :: const_iterator hm1_AcIter, hm1_RcIter;
   typedef pair <int, int> Int_Pair;

   hm1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 1, 10 ) );
   hm1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 2, 20 ) );
   hm1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 3, 30 ) );

   hm1_RcIter = hm1.find( 2 );
   cout << "The element of hash_map hm1 with a key of 2 is: "
        << hm1_RcIter -> second << "." << endl;

   // If no match is found for the key, end( ) is returned
   hm1_RcIter = hm1.find( 4 );

   if ( hm1_RcIter == hm1.end( ) )
      cout << "The hash_map hm1 doesn't have an element "
           << "with a key of 4." << endl;
   else
      cout << "The element of hash_map hm1 with a key of 4 is: "
           << hm1_RcIter -> second << "." << endl;

   // The element at a specific location in the hash_map can be found 
   // using a dereferenced iterator addressing the location
   hm1_AcIter = hm1.end( );
   hm1_AcIter--;
   hm1_RcIter = hm1.find( hm1_AcIter -> first );
   cout << "The element of hm1 with a key matching "
        << "that of the last element is: "
        << hm1_RcIter -> second << "." << endl;
}
The element of hash_map hm1 with a key of 2 is: 20.
The hash_map hm1 doesn't have an element with a key of 4.
The element of hm1 with a key matching that of the last element is: 30.

Header: <hash_map>

Namespace: stdext

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