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is, isw Routines 

These routines test characters for specified conditions.

The is routines produce meaningful results for any integer argument from –1 (EOF) to UCHAR_MAX (0xFF), inclusive. The expected argument type is int.

Caution noteCaution

For the is routines, passing an argument of type char may yield unpredictable results. An SBCS or MBCS single-byte character of type char with a value greater than 0x7F is negative. If a char is passed, the compiler may convert the value to a signed int or a signed long. This value may be sign-extended by the compiler, with unexpected results.

The isw routines produce meaningful results for any integer value from – 1 (WEOF) to 0xFFFF, inclusive. The wint_t data type is defined in WCHAR.H as an unsigned short; it can hold any wide character or the wide-character end-of-file (WEOF) value.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; see setlocale for more information. The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior; the versions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead.

In the "C" locale, the test conditions for the is routines are as follows:

isalnum

Alphanumeric (A – Z, a – z, or 0 – 9).

isalpha

Alphabetic (A – Z or a – z).

__isascii

ASCII character (0x00 – 0x7F).

iscntrl

Control character (0x00 – 0x1F or 0x7F).

__iscsym

Letter, underscore, or digit.

__iscsymf

Letter or underscore.

isdigit

Decimal digit (0 – 9).

isgraph

Printable character except space ( ).

islower

Lowercase letter (a – z).

isprint

Printable character including space (0x20 – 0x7E).

ispunct

Punctuation character.

isspace

White-space character (0x09 – 0x0D or 0x20).

isupper

Uppercase letter (A – Z).

isxdigit

Hexadecimal digit (A – F, a – f, or 0 – 9).

For the isw routines, the result of the test for the specified condition is independent of locale. The test conditions for the isw functions are as follows:

iswalnum

iswalpha or iswdigit.

iswalpha

Any wide character that is one of an implementation-defined set for which none of iswcntrl, iswdigit, iswpunct, or iswspace is nonzero. iswalpha returns nonzero only for wide characters for which iswupper or iswlower is nonzero.

iswascii

Wide-character representation of ASCII character (0x0000 – 0x007F).

iswcntrl

Control wide character.

__iswcsym

Any wide character for which isalnum is true, or the '_' character.

__iswcsymf

Any wide character for which iswalpha is true, or the '_' character.

iswctype

Character has property specified by the desc argument. For each valid value of the desc argument of iswctype, there is an equivalent wide-character classification routine, as shown in the following table:

Equivalence of iswctype( c, desc ) to Other isw Testing Routines

Value of desc argument iswctype( c, desc ) equivalent

_ALPHA

iswalpha( c )

_ALPHA | _DIGIT

iswalnum( c )

_CONTROL

iswcntrl( c )

_DIGIT

iswdigit( c )

_ALPHA | _DIGIT | _PUNCT

iswgraph( c )

_LOWER

iswlower( c )

_ALPHA | _BLANK | _DIGIT | _PUNCT

iswprint( c )

_PUNCT

iswpunct( c )

_SPACE

iswspace( c )

_UPPER

iswupper( c )

_HEX

iswxdigit( c )

iswdigit

Wide character corresponding to a decimal-digit character.

iswgraph

Printable wide character except space wide character (L' ').

iswlower

Lowercase letter, or one of implementation-defined set of wide characters for which none of iswcntrl, iswdigit, iswpunct, or iswspace is nonzero. iswlower returns nonzero only for wide characters that correspond to lowercase letters.

iswprint

Printable wide character, including space wide character (L' ').

iswpunct

Printable wide character that is neither space wide character (L' ') nor wide character for which iswalnum is nonzero.

iswspace

Wide character that corresponds to standard white-space character or is one of implementation-defined set of wide characters for which iswalnum is false. Standard white-space characters are: space (L' '), formfeed (L'\f'), newline (L'\n'), carriage return (L'\r'), horizontal tab (L'\t'), and vertical tab (L'\v').

iswupper

Wide character that is uppercase or is one of an implementation-defined set of wide characters for which none of iswcntrl, iswdigit, iswpunct, or iswspace is nonzero. iswupper returns nonzero only for wide characters that correspond to uppercase characters.

iswxdigit

Wide character that corresponds to a hexadecimal-digit character.

// crt_isfam.c
/* This program tests all characters between 0x0
 * and 0x7F, then displays each character with abbreviations
 * for the character-type codes that apply.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>

int main( void )
{
   int ch;
   for( ch = 0; ch <= 0x7F; ch++ )
   {
      printf( "%.2x  ", ch );
      printf( " %c", isprint( ch )  ? ch   : ' ' );
      printf( "%4s", isalnum( ch )  ? "AN" : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isalpha( ch )  ? "A"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", __isascii( ch )  ? "AS" : "" );
      printf( "%3s", iscntrl( ch )  ? "C"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", __iscsym( ch )  ? "CS "  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", __iscsymf( ch )  ? "CSF"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isdigit( ch )  ? "D"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isgraph( ch )  ? "G"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", islower( ch )  ? "L"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", ispunct( ch )  ? "PU" : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isspace( ch )  ? "S"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isprint( ch )  ? "PR" : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isupper( ch )  ? "U"  : "" );
      printf( "%3s", isxdigit( ch ) ? "X"  : "" );
      printf( ".\n" );
   }
}

00            AS  C                              .
01            AS  C                              .
02            AS  C                              .
03            AS  C                              .
04            AS  C                              .
05            AS  C                              .
06            AS  C                              .
07            AS  C                              .
08            AS  C                              .
09            AS  C                    S         .
0a            AS  C                    S         .
0b            AS  C                    S         .
0c            AS  C                    S         .
0d            AS  C                    S         .
0e            AS  C                              .
0f            AS  C                              .
10            AS  C                              .
11            AS  C                              .
12            AS  C                              .
13            AS  C                              .
14            AS  C                              .
15            AS  C                              .
16            AS  C                              .
17            AS  C                              .
18            AS  C                              .
19            AS  C                              .
1a            AS  C                              .
1b            AS  C                              .
1c            AS  C                              .
1d            AS  C                              .
1e            AS  C                              .
1f            AS  C                              .
20            AS                       S PR      .
21   !        AS              G    PU    PR      .
22   "        AS              G    PU    PR      .
23   #        AS              G    PU    PR      .
24   $        AS              G    PU    PR      .
25   %        AS              G    PU    PR      .
26   &        AS              G    PU    PR      .
27   '        AS              G    PU    PR      .
28   (        AS              G    PU    PR      .
29   )        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2a   *        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2b   +        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2c   ,        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2d   -        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2e   .        AS              G    PU    PR      .
2f   /        AS              G    PU    PR      .
30   0  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
31   1  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
32   2  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
33   3  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
34   4  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
35   5  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
36   6  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
37   7  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
38   8  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
39   9  AN    AS   CS      D  G          PR     X.
3a   :        AS              G    PU    PR      .
3b   ;        AS              G    PU    PR      .
3c   <        AS              G    PU    PR      .
3d   =        AS              G    PU    PR      .
3e   >        AS              G    PU    PR      .
3f   ?        AS              G    PU    PR      .
40   @        AS              G    PU    PR      .
41   A  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
42   B  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
43   C  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
44   D  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
45   E  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
46   F  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U  X.
47   G  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
48   H  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
49   I  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4a   J  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4b   K  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4c   L  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4d   M  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4e   N  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
4f   O  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
50   P  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
51   Q  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
52   R  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
53   S  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
54   T  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
55   U  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
56   V  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
57   W  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
58   X  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
59   Y  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
5a   Z  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G          PR  U   .
5b   [        AS              G    PU    PR      .
5c   \        AS              G    PU    PR      .
5d   ]        AS              G    PU    PR      .
5e   ^        AS              G    PU    PR      .
5f   _        AS   CS CSF     G    PU    PR      .
60   `        AS              G    PU    PR      .
61   a  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
62   b  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
63   c  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
64   d  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
65   e  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
66   f  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR     X.
67   g  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
68   h  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
69   i  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6a   j  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6b   k  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6c   l  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6d   m  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6e   n  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
6f   o  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
70   p  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
71   q  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
72   r  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
73   s  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
74   t  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
75   u  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
76   v  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
77   w  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
78   x  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
79   y  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
7a   z  AN  A AS   CS CSF     G  L       PR      .
7b   {        AS              G    PU    PR      .
7c   |        AS              G    PU    PR      .
7d   }        AS              G    PU    PR      .
7e   ~        AS              G    PU    PR      .
7f            AS  C                              .

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