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_CrtSetBreakAlloc

Sets a breakpoint on a specified object allocation order number (debug version only).

long _CrtSetBreakAlloc( 
   long lBreakAlloc 
);

Parameter

lBreakAlloc
Allocation order number, for which to set the breakpoint.

Return Value

Returns the previous object allocation order number that had a breakpoint set.

Remarks

_CrtSetBreakAlloc allows an application to perform memory leak detection by breaking at a specific point of memory allocation and tracing back to the origin of the request. The function uses the sequential object allocation order number assigned to the memory block when it was allocated in the heap. When _DEBUG is not defined, calls to _CrtSetBreakAlloc are removed during preprocessing.

The object allocation order number is stored in the lRequest field of the _CrtMemBlockHeader structure, defined in CRTDBG.H. When information about a memory block is reported by one of the debug dump functions, this number is enclosed in braces, such as {36}.

For more information about how _CrtSetBreakAlloc can be used with other memory management functions, see Tracking Heap Allocation Requests.

Requirements

Routine Required header Compatibility
_CrtSetBreakAlloc <crtdbg.h> Win 98, Win Me, Win NT, Win 2000, Win XP

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

Debug versions of C run-time libraries only.

Example

// crt_setbrkal.c
// compile with: -D_DEBUG /MTd -Od -Zi -W3 /c /link -verbose:lib -debug

/*
 * In this program, a call is made to the _CrtSetBreakAlloc routine
 * to verify that the debugger halts program execution when it reaches
 * a specified allocation number.
 */

#include <malloc.h>
#include <crtdbg.h>

int main( )
{
        long allocReqNum;
        char *my_pointer;

        /* 
         * Allocate "my_pointer" for the first
         * time and ensure that it gets allocated correctly
         */
        my_pointer = malloc(10);
        _CrtIsMemoryBlock(my_pointer, 10, &allocReqNum, NULL, NULL);

        /* 
         * Set a breakpoint on the allocation request
         * number for "my_pointer"
         */
        _CrtSetBreakAlloc(allocReqNum+2);
        _crtBreakAlloc = allocReqNum+2;

        /* 
         * Alternate freeing and reallocating "my_pointer"
         * to verify that the debugger halts program execution
         * when it reaches the allocation request
         */
        free(my_pointer);
        my_pointer = malloc(10);
        free(my_pointer);
        my_pointer = malloc(10);
        free(my_pointer);
}

See Also

Debug Functions | Run-Time Routines and .NET Framework Equivalents

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