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CompareInfo.LastIndexOf Method (String, String, Int32)

Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the beginning of the string to the specified index.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual int LastIndexOf(
	string source,
	string value,
	int startIndex
)

Parameters

source
Type: System.String

The string to search.

value
Type: System.String

The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Type: System.Int32

The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the last occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from the beginning of source to startIndex; otherwise, -1. Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is null.

-or-

value is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

The source string is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at the beginning of the string.

This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the CompareOptions.Ordinal value.

NoteNote

When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

Notes to Callers

Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the LastIndexOf(String, String, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins. In the following example, the LastIndexOf(String, String, Int32) method is used to find a substring that includes a soft hyphen (U+00AD) and that precedes or includes the final "m" in a string. Because the soft hyphen in the search string is ignored, calling the method to find a substring that consists of the soft hyphen and "m" returns the position of the "m" in the string, whereas calling it to find a substring that consists of the soft hyphen and "n" returns the position of the "n". When the search string contains only the soft hyphen, the method returns the index of the "m", which represents the value of startIndex.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      CompareInfo ci = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.CompareInfo;

      int position = 0;

      string s1 = "ani\u00ADmal";
      string s2 = "animal";

      // Find the index of the soft hyphen.
      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "\u00AD", position));

      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)   
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "\u00AD", position));

      // Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "n".
      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "\u00ADn", position));

      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)   
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "\u00ADn", position));

      // Find the index of the soft hyphen followed by "m".
      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s1, "\u00ADm", position));

      position = ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "m");
      Console.WriteLine("'m' at position {0}", position);
      if (position >= 0)   
         Console.WriteLine(ci.LastIndexOf(s2, "\u00ADm", position));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output: 
//       'm' at position 4 
//       4 
//       'm' at position 3 
//       3 
//       'm' at position 4 
//       1 
//       'm' at position 3 
//       1 
//       'm' at position 4 
//       4 
//       'm' at position 3 
//       3

The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. Note that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring. 
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create. 
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers. 
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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