Export (0) Print
Expand All

Registering HttpHandlers

After you have created a custom HttpHandler you must configure ASP.NET to map incoming HTTP requests for specific URLs to your handler. The following procedure describes the steps required.

To register an HttpHandler

  1. Compile and deploy the .NET class for the HttpHandler in the \bin directory under the application's virtual root.
  2. Register the HttpHandler, synchronous or asynchronous, in the application's Web.config configuration file. The following example maps all HTTP requests to the classes MyHandler.New and MyHandler.Fin in the assembly MyHandler that is in the file Myhandler.dll.
    <configuration>
        <system.web>
            <httpHandlers>
                <add verb="*" path="MyHandler.New" 
                   type="MyHandler.New, MyHandlerAssembly" />
                <add verb="*" path="*.myNewFileNameExtension" 
                   type="MyHandler.Fin, MyHandlerAssembly" />
            </httpHandlers>
        <system.web>
    </configuration>
    

    Entries within the <httpHandlers> configuration section have three attributes, as shown in the following table.

    Attribute Description
    Path The path attribute can contain either a single URL path or a simple wildcard string (for example, *.aspx).
    Type Specifies a comma-separated class/assembly combination. ASP.NET searches for the assembly DLL first in the application's private \bin directory and then in the system assembly cache.
    Verb The verb list can be either a comma-separated list of HTTP methods (for example, "GET, PUT, POST") or a start-script mapping (for example, the wildcard character * [an asterisk]).
  3. Ensure that the HttpHandler file name extension is registered within Internet Information Services (IIS).

HttpHandler Examples

This section provides the following code examples:

Synchronous HttpHandler

The following code demonstrates how to process requests for the specific MyApp.MyHello URL within an ASP.NET application. Next, the configuration file changes required to register the HttpHandler are shown.

using System.Web;
public class HelloWorldHandler : IHttpHandler {
    public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context) {
        HttpRequest Request = context.Request;
        HttpResponse Response = context.Response;
        // A file ending in .MyHello need not exist. This handler executes
        // whenever a file ending in .MyHello is requested.
        Response.Write("<html>");
        Response.Write("<body>");
        Response.Write("<h1> Hello from Synchronous custom handler. </h1>");
        Response.Write("</body>");
        Response.Write("</html>");
    }
    public bool IsReusable {
        // To enable pooling, return true here.
        // This keeps the handler in memory.
        get { return false; }  
    }
}

[Visual Basic]
Imports System.Web

Public Class HelloWorldHandler
    Implements IHttpHandler

    Public Sub ProcessRequest(ByVal context As System.Web.HttpContext) Implements System.Web.IHttpHandler.ProcessRequest
        Dim request As HttpRequest = context.Request
        Dim response As HttpResponse = context.Response
        ' A file named ending in .MyHello need not exist. This handler 
        ' executes whenever a file ending in .MyHello is requested.
        response.Write("<html>")
        response.Write("<body>")
        response.Write("<h1> Hello from Synchronous custom handler. </h1>")
        response.Write("</body>")
        response.Write("</html>")
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property IsReusable() As Boolean Implements System.Web.IHttpHandler.IsReusable
        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

Register your custom HttpHandler by creating an entry in Web.config as follows:

<configuration>
    <system.web>
        <httpHandlers>
           <add verb="*" path="*.MyHello" 
                type="HelloWorldHandler,httpruntime" /> 
        </httpHandlers>
    </system.web>
</configuration>

Asynchronous HttpHandler

The following code demonstrates how to register and process requests for the specific *.MyAsynch URL within an ASP.NET application. In this case, the handler launches a time-consuming process, sending a response to the user at several points to indicate progress. Next, the configuration file changes required to register the HttpHandler are shown.

using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Threading;

namespace Handlers
{
    class AsynchHandler : IHttpAsyncHandler
    {
        private HttpContext _context;
        public bool IsReusable
        {
            get
            {
                 // To enable pooling, return true here.
                 // This keeps the handler in memory.
                 return false;
            }
        }

        public IAsyncResult BeginProcessRequest(HttpContext context,            AsyncCallback cb, Object extraData)
        {
            // Now do something that might take a while.
            MyAsynchOperation asynch = new MyAsynchOperation(cb, context);
            asynch.KickOffThread();

            context.Response.Write("BeginProcessRequest. Just kicked off a Thread.<br>");
            context.Response.Flush();

            // Signal the application that asynchronous 
            // processing is being performed. 
            SomeResult asynchForBegin = new SomeResult();

            // Processing is not synchronous.
            asynchForBegin.SetSynch(false);

            // Processing is not complete.
            asynchForBegin.SetCompleted(false);

            _context = context;
            return new SomeResult();
        }

        public void EndProcessRequest(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            _context.Response.Write("EndProcessRequest called.<br>");
        }

        // This method is required but is not called.
        public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
        {
        }

    }//end class

    public class SomeResult : IAsyncResult
    {

    /*
    An instance of this class is returned to the application.
    This class lets the application know how the BeginEventHandler method     
    has been handled. The application checks the CompletedSynchronously     
    method.
    */

        private bool _blnIsCompleted = false;
        private Mutex myMutex = null;
        private Object myAsynchStateObject = null;
        private bool _blnCompletedSynchronously = false;

        public void SetCompleted(bool blnTrueOrFalse)
        {
            _blnIsCompleted = blnTrueOrFalse;
        }

        public void SetSynch(bool blnTrueOrFalse)
        {
            _blnCompletedSynchronously = blnTrueOrFalse;
        }

        public bool IsCompleted
        {
            // This is not called by the application. 
            // However, set it to true. 
            get { return _blnIsCompleted; }
        }

        public WaitHandle AsyncWaitHandle
        {
            // The application does not call this method.         
            get { return myMutex; }
        }

        public Object AsyncState
        {  
            // The application does not call this method because
            // null is passed in as the last parameter to 
            // BeginEventHandler.
            get { return myAsynchStateObject; }
       }

        public bool CompletedSynchronously
        {
            // The application wants to know if this is synchronous.
            // Return true if the Begin method was called synchronously.
            get { return _blnCompletedSynchronously; }
        }
    }
}

[Visual Basic]
Imports System
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Threading

Namespace handler

    Public Class AsynchHandler
        Implements IHttpAsyncHandler

        Private _context As HttpContext
        Public ReadOnly Property IsReusable() As Boolean Implements System.Web.IHttpAsyncHandler.IsReusable
            Get
                Return False
            End Get
        End Property

        Public Function BeginProcessRequest(ByVal context As System.Web.HttpContext, ByVal cb As System.AsyncCallback, ByVal extraData As Object) As System.IAsyncResult Implements System.Web.IHttpAsyncHandler.BeginProcessRequest
            Dim asynch As New MyAsynchOperation(cb, context)
            asynch.KickOffThread()

            context.Response.Write("BeginProcessRequest. Just kicked off a Thread.<br>")
            context.Response.Flush()
            ' Signal the application that asynchronous 
            ' processing is being performed. 
            Dim asynchForBegin As New SomeResult()

           ' Processing is not synchronous.
            asynchForBegin.SetSynch(False)

           ' Processing is not complete.
            asynchForBegin.SetCompleted(False)

            _context = context

            Return New SomeResult()
        End Function


        Public Sub EndProcessRequest(ByVal result As System.IAsyncResult) Implements System.Web.IHttpAsyncHandler.EndProcessRequest
            _context.Response.Write("EndProcessRequest called.<br>")
        End Sub

        Public Sub ProcessRequest(ByVal context As System.Web.HttpContext) Implements System.Web.IHttpAsyncHandler.ProcessRequest
            ' Ths is required but is not called.
        End Sub
    End Class

    Class SomeResult
        Implements IAsyncResult

        Private _blnIsCompleted As Boolean = False
        Private myMutex As Mutex = Nothing
        Private myAsynchStateObject As Object = Nothing
        Private _blnCompletedSynchronously As Boolean = False

        Public Sub SetCompleted(ByVal blnTrueOrFalse As Boolean)
            _blnIsCompleted = blnTrueOrFalse
        End Sub

        Public Sub SetSynch(ByVal blnTrueOrFalse As Boolean)
            _blnCompletedSynchronously = blnTrueOrFalse
        End Sub

        Public ReadOnly Property AsyncState() As Object Implements System.IAsyncResult.AsyncState
            Get
                Return myAsynchStateObject
            End Get
        End Property

        Public ReadOnly Property AsyncWaitHandle() As System.Threading.WaitHandle Implements System.IAsyncResult.AsyncWaitHandle
            Get
                Return myMutex
            End Get
        End Property

        Public ReadOnly Property CompletedSynchronously() As Boolean Implements System.IAsyncResult.CompletedSynchronously
            Get
                Return _blnCompletedSynchronously
            End Get
        End Property

        Public ReadOnly Property IsCompleted() As Boolean Implements System.IAsyncResult.IsCompleted
            Get
                Return _blnIsCompleted
            End Get
        End Property
    End Class
End Namespace

Register your custom asynchronous HttpHandler by creating an entry in Web.config as follows:

<configuration>
    <system.web>
        <httpHandlers>
            <add verb="GET,POST" path="*.MyAsynch"
                 type="Handlers.AsynchHandler, Handlers" />
        </httpHandlers>
    </system.web>
</configuration>

See Also

HTTP Runtime Support | ASP.NET Request Processing | Creating HttpHandlers | HttpModules | Handling and Raising Events

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft