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Membership.GetUser Method (String)

Gets the information from the data source for the specified membership user.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public static MembershipUser GetUser(
	string username
)

Parameters

username
Type: System.String
The name of the user to retrieve.

Return Value

Type: System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
A MembershipUser object representing the specified user. If the username parameter does not correspond to an existing user, this method returns null.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

username contains a comma (,).

ArgumentNullException

username is null.

The GetUser method retrieves the user information from the data source and creates a MembershipUser object populated with the returned data. If you use one of the GetUser overloads that does not take a username parameter, GetUser returns the information for the current logged-on membership user. The current logged-on membership user is identified by the Name of the user in the current HttpContext.

You can also specify whether you want GetUser to update the last-activity date/time stamp for the user being retrieved with the userIsOnline parameter. Of the GetUser overloads that do not take a userIsOnline parameter, Membership.GetUser implicitly updates the last-activity date/time stamp for the user. Membership.GetUser and GetUser do not.

The following code example uses the GetUser method to return a MembershipUser object for the current logged-on user and updates the e-mail address for the user.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

MembershipUser u;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  u = Membership.GetUser(User.Identity.Name);

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    EmailTextBox.Text = u.Email; 
  }
}

public void UpdateEmailButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  try
  {
    u.Email = EmailTextBox.Text;

    Membership.UpdateUser(u);

    Msg.Text = "User e-mail updated.";
  }
  catch (System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Update User E-Mail</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Update E-Mail Address for <%=User.Identity.Name%></h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>E-mail Address:</td>
      <td><asp:TextBox id="EmailTextBox" MaxLength="128" Columns="30" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                    ControlToValidate="EmailTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                    Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="UpdateEmailButton" 
                      Text="Update E-mail" 
                      OnClick="UpdateEmailButton_OnClick" 
                      runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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