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longjmp

Restores stack environment and execution locale.

void longjmp(
   jmp_buf env,
   int value 
);

Parameters

env
Variable in which environment is stored.
value
Value to be returned to setjmp call.

Remarks

The longjmp function restores a stack environment and execution locale previously saved in env by setjmp. setjmp and longjmp provide a way to execute a nonlocal goto; they are typically used to pass execution control to error-handling or recovery code in a previously called routine without using the normal call and return conventions.

A call to setjmp causes the current stack environment to be saved in env. A subsequent call to longjmp restores the saved environment and returns control to the point immediately following the corresponding setjmp call. Execution resumes as if value had just been returned by the setjmp call. The values of all variables (except register variables) that are accessible to the routine receiving control contain the values they had when longjmp was called. The values of register variables are unpredictable. The value returned by setjmp must be nonzero. If value is passed as 0, the value 1 is substituted in the actual return.

Call longjmp before the function that called setjmp returns; otherwise the results are unpredictable.

Observe the following restrictions when using longjmp:

  • Do not assume that the values of the register variables will remain the same. The values of register variables in the routine calling setjmp may not be restored to the proper values after longjmp is executed.
  • Do not use longjmp to transfer control out of an interrupt-handling routine unless the interrupt is caused by a floating-point exception. In this case, a program may return from an interrupt handler via longjmp if it first reinitializes the floating-point math package by calling _fpreset.
Note   Be careful when using setjmp and longjmp in C++ programs. Because these functions do not support C++ object semantics, it is safer to use the C++ exception-handling mechanism.

Requirements

Routine Required header Compatibility
longjmp <setjmp.h> ANSI, Win 98, Win Me, Win NT, Win 2000, Win XP

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

All versions of the C run-time libraries.

Example

See the example for _fpreset.

See Also

Process and Environment Control Routines | setjmp | Run-Time Routines and .NET Framework Equivalents

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