Copies a bitmap from a source rectangle into a destination rectangle, stretching or compressing the bitmap if necessary to fit the dimensions of the destination rectangle.
BOOL StretchBlt( int x, int y, int nWidth, int nHeight, CDC* pSrcDC, int xSrc, int ySrc, int nSrcWidth, int nSrcHeight, DWORD dwRop );
The function uses the stretching mode of the destination device context (set by SetStretchBltMode) to determine how to stretch or compress the bitmap.
The StretchBlt function moves the bitmap from the source device given by pSrcDC to the destination device represented by the device-context object whose member function is being called. The xSrc, ySrc, nSrcWidth, and nSrcHeight parameters define the upper-left corner and dimensions of the source rectangle. The x, y, nWidth, and nHeight parameters give the upper-left corner and dimensions of the destination rectangle. The raster operation specified by dwRop defines how the source bitmap and the bits already on the destination device are combined.
The StretchBlt function creates a mirror image of a bitmap if the signs of the nSrcWidth and nWidth or nSrcHeight and nHeight parameters differ. If nSrcWidth and nWidth have different signs, the function creates a mirror image of the bitmap along the x-axis. If nSrcHeight and nHeight have different signs, the function creates a mirror image of the bitmap along the y-axis.
The StretchBlt function stretches or compresses the source bitmap in memory and then copies the result to the destination. If a pattern is to be merged with the result, it is not merged until the stretched source bitmap is copied to the destination. If a brush is used, it is the selected brush in the destination device context. The destination coordinates are transformed according to the destination device context; the source coordinates are transformed according to the source device context.
If the destination, source, and pattern bitmaps do not have the same color format, StretchBlt converts the source and pattern bitmaps to match the destination bitmaps. The foreground and background colors of the destination device context are used in the conversion.
If StretchBlt must convert a monochrome bitmap to color, it sets white bits (1) to the background color and black bits (0) to the foreground color. To convert color to monochrome, it sets pixels that match the background color to white (1) and sets all other pixels to black (0). The foreground and background colors of the device context with color are used.
Not all devices support the StretchBlt function. To determine whether a device supports StretchBlt, call the GetDeviceCaps member function with the RASTERCAPS index and check the return value for the RC_STRETCHBLT flag.