Export (0) Print
Expand All

Creating a DataReader (ADO.NET)

The DataTable and DataSet classes have a CreateDataReader method that returns the contents of the DataTable or the contents of the DataSet object's Tables collection as one or more read-only, forward-only result sets.

The following console application creates a DataTable instance. The example then passes the filled DataTable to a procedure that calls the CreateDataReader method, which iterates through the results contained within the DataTableReader.


private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataTable dt)
{
    // Given a DataTable, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the tables' data:
    using (DataTableReader reader = dt.CreateDataReader())
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


The example displays the following output in the console window:

1 Mary
2 Andy
3 Peter
4 Russ
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft